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snprintf() in C library
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 01 Nov, 2018

The snprintf() function formats and stores a series of characters and values in the array buffer. The snprintf() function with the addition of the n argument, which indicates the maximum number of characters (including at the end of null character) to be written to buffer. It is defined in <stdio.h> header file.

Syntax :

int snprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *format, ...);

*str : is a buffer.
size : is the maximum number of bytes
(characters) that will be written to the buffer.
format : C string that contains a format
string that follows the same specifications as format in printf
... : the optional ( …) arguments 
are just the string formats like (“%d”, myint) as seen in printf.
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// C program to demonstrate snprintf()
#include <stdio.h>
  
int main()
{
    char buffer[50];
    char* s = "geeksforgeeks";
  
    // Counting the character and storing 
    // in buffer using snprintf
    int j = snprintf(buffer, 6, "%s\n", s);
  
    // Print the string stored in buffer and
    // character count
    printf("string:\n%s\ncharacter count = %d\n",
                                     buffer, j);
  
    return 0;
}

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Output:

string:
geeks
character count = 14

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