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SmallIntegerField – Django Models

  • Last Updated : 12 Feb, 2020

SmallIntegerField is a integer number represented in Python by a int instance. This field is like a IntegerField and supports values from -32768 to 32767. The default form widget for this field is a NumberInput when localize is False or TextInput otherwise. It uses MinValueValidator and MaxValueValidator to validate the input based on the values that the default database supports.

Syntax:

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field_name = models.SmallIntegerField(**options)

Django Model SmallIntegerField Explanation

Illustration of SmallIntegerField using an Example. Consider a project named geeksforgeeks having an app named geeks.



Refer to the following articles to check how to create a project and an app in Django.

Enter the following code into models.py file of geeks app.




from django.db import models
from django.db.models import Model
# Create your models here.
  
class GeeksModel(Model):
    geeks_field = models.SmallIntegerField()

Add the geeks app to INSTALLED_APPS




# Application definition
  
INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'django.contrib.admin',
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'django.contrib.contenttypes',
    'django.contrib.sessions',
    'django.contrib.messages',
    'django.contrib.staticfiles',
    'geeks',
]

Now when we run makemigrations command from the terminal,

Python manage.py makemigrations

A new folder named migrations would be created in geeks directory with a file named 0001_initial.py




# Generated by Django 2.2.5 on 2019-09-25 06:00
  
from django.db import migrations, models
  
class Migration(migrations.Migration):
  
    initial = True
  
    dependencies = [
    ]
  
    operations = [
        migrations.CreateModel(
            name ='GeeksModel',
            fields =[
                ('id'
                  models.AutoField(
                  auto_created = True,
                  primary_key = True,
                  serialize = False
                  verbose_name ='ID'
                )),
                ('geeks_field'
                  models.SmallIntegerField()),
            ],
        ),
    ]

Now run,

Python manage.py migrate

Thus, an geeks_field SmallIntegerField is created when you run migrations on the project. It is a field to store small integer numbers.

How to use SmallIntegerField ?

SmallIntegerField is used for storing a integer number represented in Python by a int instance. To know more about int, visit Python | int() function. Let’s try to save a small integer number in SmallIntegerField.




# importing the model
# from geeks app
from geeks.models import GeeksModel
  
# creating an instance of
# int
d = int(2189)
  
# creating a instance of 
# GeeksModel
geek_object = GeeksModel.objects.create(geeks_field = d)
geek_object.save()

Now let’s check it in admin server. We have created an instance of GeeksModel.

SmallIntegerField django models

Field Options

Field Options are the arguments given to each field for applying some constraint or imparting a particular characteristic to a particular Field. For example, adding an argument null = True to SmallIntegerField will enable it to store empty values for that table in relational database.
Here are the field options and attributes that an SmallIntegerField can use.

Field OptionsDescription
NullIf True, Django will store empty values as NULL in the database. Default is False.
BlankIf True, the field is allowed to be blank. Default is False.
db_columnThe name of the database column to use for this field. If this isn’t given, Django will use the field’s name.
DefaultThe default value for the field. This can be a value or a callable object. If callable it will be called every time a new object is created.
help_textExtra “help” text to be displayed with the form widget. It’s useful for documentation even if your field isn’t used on a form.
primary_keyIf True, this field is the primary key for the model.
editableIf False, the field will not be displayed in the admin or any other ModelForm. They are also skipped during model validation. Default is True.
error_messagesThe error_messages argument lets you override the default messages that the field will raise. Pass in a dictionary with keys matching the error messages you want to override.
help_textExtra “help” text to be displayed with the form widget. It’s useful for documentation even if your field isn’t used on a form.
verbose_nameA human-readable name for the field. If the verbose name isn’t given, Django will automatically create it using the field’s attribute name, converting underscores to spaces.
validatorsA list of validators to run for this field. See the validators documentation for more information.
UniqueIf True, this field must be unique throughout the table.



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