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Size and Location of India

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  • Last Updated : 13 Jun, 2022
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India is one of the earliest cultures in the world and has a remarkable history. it has attained composite socio-economic progression during the period of 50 years. It has moved towards exhibiting extraordinary progress in the departments of agriculture, industry, technology and overall economic development. India has also come up with the remarkable making of world history. 

Location of India

India is an extensive country as well the 7th largest country in the world. It’s lying completely in the northern hemisphere. The mainland expands between latitude (8°4′ N and 37°6′ N) and longitude (68°7’E and 97°25’E) and the tropic of cancer (23°30’N) cleft the country into near two equal parts to the southeast and southwest of the mainland, lies in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep Islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. 

The southernmost point of the Indian Union – Indira point got submerged under seawater in 2004 during the tsunami. The mainland of India is wide from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south and Arunachal Pradesh in the east to Gujarat in the west. India’s territorial limit further extends towards the sea up to 12 nautical miles (about 21.9 km) from the coast. When we talk about the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India, they are roughly about 30 degrees. Whereas the actual distance measured from north to south extremity is 3,214 km and that from east to west is only 2,933 km. from the values of Latitudes, it is understood as-

  • The southern parts of the countries lie within the tropics.
  • The northern part lies in the subtropical zone or the warm temperature zone.

Time Difference

From the values of longitude, it is quite discernible that there is a variation of nearly 30 degrees. it causes a time difference of nearly two hours between the easternmost and the westernmost parts of our country.

Concept of IST and GMT

  • IST stands for Indian Standard Time. It is based on longitude 82.5° which passes through Mirzapur near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.
  • GMT stands for Greenwich meantime. The world clock works on basis of Greenwich meantime. It passes from London and is set according to meantime.

Size of India

The landmass of India has an area of 3.28 million sq. km and it equals 2.4% area of the world making the India 7th largest country. But before India, there are 6 more largest countries – Russia, Canada, U.S.A, China, Brazil and last one in Australia. 

Here are some points and features related to the Size of India:

  • India’s border length is 15,200 km and the coastline is 7,516.6 km from the beginning of India north till northeast there are many largest mountains called the Himalayas.
  • In the south, there is an Indian ocean if we talk about the mainland of India from north to south there is a gap between is 3214 km and if we talk about east to west between gap is 2933 km that why due to this gap from Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat there is a time lag of two hours.
  • In Arunachal Pradesh sunrises two hours early in the morning so, that we all India follow the Standard Meridian of India which can maintain the same timings for all India’s and Standard Meridian of India across through Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh.
  • The latitudinal extent influences the duration of the day and night, as one moves from south to north.

Sample Questions 

Question 1: Give India’s important geographical points.

Answer:

The mainland expands between latitude (8°4′ N and 37°6′ N) and longitude (68°7’E and 97°25’E) and the tropic of cancer (23°30’N) cleft the country into near two equal parts to the southeast and southwest of the mainland, lies in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep Islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. 

Question 2: Name the seven largest countries in the world.

Answer:

The seven largest countries in the world are: Russia, Canada, U.S.A, China, Brazil, Australia and India.

Question 3: The Difference between the duration of day and night is hardly felt at Kanyakumari but not so in Kashmir. Why?

Answer:

Kanyakumari is closest to the equator and latitude extended influence in the duration of day and night as one move from south to north. at that period day and night difference comparatively becomes wider because in the south there is a part of Kanyakumari and it closer to the equator that why we can’t see the difference but if it moves towards the north the difference will be more obvious.

Question 4: Describe longitude and latitude.

Answer:

  • Longitude – Vertical mapping lines on earth line longitude as known as meridians. one simple way to visualize this might be to think about hula hoops cut in half, vertically positioned with one end at the North pole and other at the South pole.
  • Latitude – Horizontal mapping lines on earth are lines of latitude known as a parallel of latitude because they run parallel to the equator one simple way to visualize this might be to think about having imaginary horizontal hula hoops around the earth.

Question 5: How is India’s geographical location favourable for international trade?

Answer: 

India’s geographical location is favourable for international trade as,

  1. Due to the central location at the head of the Indian ocean, countries of East Africa, West Asia, East Asia could be reached through the sea routes.
  2. India is connected with Europe, North America and South America through both routes – the cape of good hope and the Suez canal.
  3. India is favourably located on the world’s highway of trade and commerce both to the east and the west.
  4. Unlike landlocked countries, it has easy access to the outside world. the ocean routes from East and South as, East Asia and Australia to Africa pass through the Indian ocean.
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