# Shortcut Method for Arithmetic Mean

Last Updated : 20 Dec, 2023

Statistics, in layman’s words, is the process of gathering, classifying, examining, interpreting, and finally presenting information in an understandable manner so that one can form an opinion and, if necessary, take action. Examples:

• A teacher collects students’ grades, organizes them in ascending or decreasing order, calculates the average class grade, or determines how many students failed and tells them so that they can begin studying more diligently.
• Government officials are gathering census data and comparing it to previous records to see if population growth is under control.
• Analyzing the number of persons in a country who practice a particular religion.
• Analyzing the number of people who follow a specific religion in a country.

### Arithmetic Mean

The arithmetic mean, commonly known as the average, is determined for a given collection of data by adding up the numbers in the data and dividing the sum by the number of observations. It is the most widely used central tendency approach. The direct approach of calculating the arithmetic mean is what it’s called.

### What is short cut method in statistics?

Solution:

Short-Cut Method

The short-cut approach is used whenever the data values are huge and the calculation is time-consuming. When using the short- cut method to get the arithmetic mean, the stages are as follows:

• Select one observation from the data set and use it as the series’ assumed mean. Because it is impossible to choose one observation from the class intervals while working with grouped data, one must first compute the class marks of the intervals’ mid-points and designate one as the presumed mean
• Next, determine deviations from the expected mean (A) by subtracting the assumed mean from all other data. d = X âˆ’ A.
• Take the total of the numbers produced by multiplying the deviations obtained with the frequencies.
• Apply the formula , where Î£df is the sum of all the deviations multiplied by respective frequencies.
• The arithmetic mean of the given data set is the number produced in this way.

Thus the formula for the calculation of arithmetic mean by short- cut method is:

*** QuickLaTeX cannot compile formula:
xÌ„=a+\frac{Σdf}{Σf}

*** Error message:
Cannot connect to QuickLaTeX server: cURL error 28: Operation timed out after 40001 milliseconds with 0 bytes received
Please make sure your server/PHP settings allow HTTP requests to external resources ("allow_url_fopen", etc.)
These links might help in finding solution:
http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/core-control/
http://wordpress.org/support/topic/an-unexpected-http-error-occurred-during-the-api-request-on-wordpress-3?replies=37

### Sample Problems

Question 1: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data set using the short-cut method:

 Marks Number of students 0 – 10 5 10 – 20 12 20 – 30 14 30 – 40 10 40 – 50 5

Solution:

 Marks f m d = m – a fd 0 – 10 5 5 5 – 25 = âˆ’20 âˆ’100 10 – 20 12 15 15 – 25 = âˆ’10 âˆ’120 20 – 30 14 A = 25 25 – 25 = 0 0 30 – 40 10 35 35 – 25 = 10 100 40 – 50 8 45 45 – 25 = 20 160 Î£f = 49 Î£df = 40

= 25 + 40/49

= 25 + 0.81

xÌ„ = 25.81

Question 2: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data set using the short-cut method:

 Marks Number of Students 10 – 20 5 20 – 30 3 30 – 40 4 40 – 50 7 50 – 60 2 60 – 70 6 70 – 80 13

Solution:

 Marks f m d = m – a fd 10 – 20 5 15 âˆ’30 âˆ’150 20 – 30 3 25 âˆ’20 âˆ’60 30 – 40 4 35 âˆ’10 âˆ’40 40 – 50 7 A = 45 0 0 50 – 60 2 55 10 20 60 – 70 6 65 20 120 70 – 80 13 75 30 390 Î£f = 40 Î£df = 280

Mean = XÌ„ =

*** QuickLaTeX cannot compile formula:
a+\frac{Σdf}{Σf}

*** Error message:
Cannot connect to QuickLaTeX server: cURL error 28: Operation timed out after 40001 milliseconds with 0 bytes received
Please make sure your server/PHP settings allow HTTP requests to external resources ("allow_url_fopen", etc.)
These links might help in finding solution:
http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/core-control/
http://wordpress.org/support/topic/an-unexpected-http-error-occurred-during-the-api-request-on-wordpress-3?replies=37

= 45 + 280/40

= 45 + 7

xÌ„ = 52

Question 3: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data set using the short-cut method:

 Wages Number of Workers 0 – 10 22 10 -20 38 20 – 30 46 30 – 40 35 40 – 50 19

Solution:

 Wages f m d = m – a fd 0 – 10 22 5 -20 âˆ’440 10 -20 38 15 -10 âˆ’380 20 – 30 46 a = 25 0 0 30 – 40 35 35 10 350 40 – 50 19 45 20 380 Î£f = 160 Î£df = -90

Mean = XÌ„ =

= 25 + (-90)/160

xÌ„ = 24.44

Question 4: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data set using the short-cut method:

 Wages f 3-6 10 6-9 20 9-12 30 12-15 40 15-18 50

Solution:

 Wages f m d = m – A fd 3-6 10 4.5 -6 -60 6-9 20 7.5 -3 -60 9-12 30 A =10.5 0 0 12-15 40 13.5 3 120 15-18 50 16.5 6 300 Î£f = 150 Î£df = 300

Mean = XÌ„ =

= 10.5 + (3000)/150

xÌ„ = 12.5

Question 5: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data set using the short-cut method: 75, 68, 80, 56, 92.

Solution:

 x d = x – A 75 7 A = 68 0 80 12 56 -12 92 24 Î£d = 31

Since the given series is individual and not discrete, the formula for mean using short- cut method would be as follows:

Mean = XÌ„ = , where n is the number of observations.

= 68 + 31/5

xÌ„ = 74.2

Question 6: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data set using the short-cut method. Assume that a = 8.

 Deviations from assumed mean f -2 4 -1 8 0 13 1 20 2 12

Solution:

 d f fd -2 4 -8 -1 8 -8 0 13 0 1 20 20 2 11 24 Î£f = 56 Î£df = 28

Mean = XÌ„ =

*** QuickLaTeX cannot compile formula:
a+\frac{Σdf}{Σf}

*** Error message:
Cannot connect to QuickLaTeX server: cURL error 28: Operation timed out after 40001 milliseconds with 0 bytes received
Please make sure your server/PHP settings allow HTTP requests to external resources ("allow_url_fopen", etc.)
These links might help in finding solution:
http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/core-control/
http://wordpress.org/support/topic/an-unexpected-http-error-occurred-during-the-api-request-on-wordpress-3?replies=37

= 8 + (28)/56

xÌ„ = 8.5

Question 7: Calculate the arithmetic mean for the following data using short- cut method:

 x f 40-45 6 45-50 18 50-55 12 55-60 3 60-65 1

Solution:

 x f m d = m – A fd 40-45 6 42.5 -10 -60 45-50 18 47.5 -5 -90 50-55 12 A = 52.5 0 0 55-60 3 57.5 5 15 60-65 1 62.5 10 10 Î£f = 40 Î£fd = -125

Mean = XÌ„ =

*** QuickLaTeX cannot compile formula:
a+\frac{Σdf}{Σf}

*** Error message:
Cannot connect to QuickLaTeX server: cURL error 28: Operation timed out after 40001 milliseconds with 0 bytes received
Please make sure your server/PHP settings allow HTTP requests to external resources ("allow_url_fopen", etc.)
These links might help in finding solution:
http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/core-control/
http://wordpress.org/support/topic/an-unexpected-http-error-occurred-during-the-api-request-on-wordpress-3?replies=37

= 52.5 + (-125)/40

xÌ„ = 49.37

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