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Set a variable without using Arithmetic, Relational or Conditional Operator
• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 29 May, 2017

Given three integers a, b and c where c can be either 0 or 1. Without using any arithmetic, relational and conditional operators set the value of a variable x based on below rules –

```If c = 0
x = a
Else // Note c is binary
x = b.
```

Examples:

```Input: a = 5, b = 10, c = 0;
Output: x = 5

Input: a = 5, b = 10, c = 1;
Output: x = 10
```

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Solution 1: Using arithmetic operators
If we are allowed to use arithmetic operators, we can easily calculate x by using any one of below expressions –

```x = ((1 - c) * a) + (c * b)

OR

x = (a + b) - (!c * b) - (c * a);

OR

x = (a * !c) | (b * c);
```
 `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `int` `calculate(``int` `a, ``int` `b, ``int` `c)``{``    ``return` `((1 - c) * a) + (c * b); ``}`` ` `int` `main()``{``   ``int` `a = 5, b = 10, c = 0;``     ` `   ``int` `x = calculate(a, b, c);``   ``cout << x << endl;``     ` `   ``return` `0;``}`

Output:

```5
```

Solution 2: Without using arithmetic operators
The idea is to construct an array of size 2 such that index 0 of the array stores value of variable ‘a’ and index 1 value of variable b. Now we return value at index 0 or at index 1 of the array based on value of variable c.

 `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `int` `calculate(``int` `a, ``int` `b, ``int` `c)``{``   ``int` `arr[] = {a, b};``   ``return` `*(arr + c);``}`` ` `int` `main()``{``   ``int` `a = 5, b = 10, c = 1;``     ` `   ``int` `x = calculate(a, b, c);``   ``cout << x << endl;``     ` `   ``return` `0;``}`

Output:

```10
```

This article is contributed by Aditya Goel . If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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