send_keys() element method – Selenium Python

Selenium’s Python Module is built to perform automated testing with Python. Selenium Python bindings provides a simple API to write functional/acceptance tests using Selenium WebDriver. To open a webpage using Selenium Python, checkout – Navigating links using get method – Selenium Python. Just being able to go to places isn’t terribly useful. What we’d really like to do is to interact with the pages, or, more specifically, the HTML elements within a page. There are multiple strategies to find an element using Selenium, checkout – Locating Strategies

This article revolves around how to use send_keys method in Selenium. send_keys method is used to send text to any field, such as input field of a form or even to anchor tag paragraph, etc. It replaces its contents on the webpage in your browser.

Syntax –

element.send_keys("some text")

Example –

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<input type="text" name="passwd" id="passwd-id" />

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To find an element one needs to use one of the locating strategies, For example,



element = driver.find_element_by_id("passwd-id")
element = driver.find_element_by_name("passwd")
element = driver.find_element_by_xpath("//input[@id='passwd-id']")

Also, to find multiple elements, we can use –

elements = driver.find_elements_by_name("passwd")

To enter text into a field, for example,

element.send_keys("some text")

One can simulate pressing the arrow keys by using the “Keys” class:

element.send_keys(" and some", Keys.ARROW_DOWN)

Also note, it is possible to call send_keys on any element, which makes it possible to test keyboard shortcuts such as those used on Gmail.
One can easily clear the contents of a text field or textarea with the clear method:

How to use send_keys method in Selenium Python ?

Let’s use https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/ to illustrate this method in Selenium Python. Here we get element of search and enter “Arrays” in the same.
Program –

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# import webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
  
# create webdriver object
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
  
# get geeksforgeeks.org
  
# get element 
element = driver.find_element_by_id("gsc-i-id2")
  
# send keys 
element.send_keys("Arrays")

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Output-

Interacting-with-Webpage-Selenium-Python

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