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Selecting with complex criteria using query method in Pandas

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  • Last Updated : 25 Oct, 2020
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In this article, let’s discuss how to select complex criteria using the Query() method in Pandas. In pandas for Selecting with complex criteria using the query method, first, we create data frames with the help of pandas.Dataframe() and store it one variable and then with the help of query() method we can select complex criteria. With the help of pandas.Dataframe.loc() we can find details of the data frame by passing the index of the data frame.
Example 1:

Python3




import pandas as pd
  
df = pd.DataFrame([[10, 20, 30, 40], [70, 14, 21, 80], 
                   [55, 15, 80, 12]],
                    
                  columns=['GFG_USER_1', 'GFG_USER_2',
                           'GFG_USER_3', 'GFG_USER_4'],
                    
                  index=['Practice1', 'Practice2', 'Practice3'])
  
print(df, "\n")
  
# Filter data using query method
df1 = df.loc[df.query(
    'GFG_USER_1 <= 80 & GFG_USER_2 > 10 & \
    GFG_USER_3 < 50 &  GFG_USER_4 == 80').index]
  
print(df1)

Output:

Example 2:

Python3




import pandas as pd
  
df = pd.DataFrame([[100, 200, 300], [70, 140, 210], 
                   [55, 150, 180]],
                    
                  columns=['PAK', 'AUS', 'IND'],
                    
                  index=['Match1', 'Match2', 'Match3'])
  
print(df, "\n")
  
# Filter data using query method
df1 = df.loc[df.query('PAK <= 80 & AUS > 100 & IND < 250').index]
  
print(df1)

Output:

Example 3:

Python3




import pandas as pd
  
df = pd.DataFrame([[1000, 2000, 3000, 4000], [7000, 1400, 2100, 2800], 
                   [5500, 1500, 800, 1200]],
                    
                  columns=['DSA_Self_Paced', 'OOPS', 'DBMS', 'System_design'],
                    
                  index=['Sale1', 'Sale2', 'Sale3'])
  
print(df, "\n")
  
# Filter data using query method
df1 = df.loc[df.query(
    'DSA_Self_Paced <= 6000 & OOPS > 1400 & DBMS < 1500 \
    &  System_design == 1200').index]
  
print(df1)

Output:


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