Given a string str which contains pairs of balanced parentheses, the task is to calculate the score of the given string based on the given rules:
- “()” has a score of 1.
- “x y” has a score of x + y where x and y are individual pairs of balanced parentheses.
- “(x)” has a score twice of x (i.e), the score is 2 * score of x.
Input: str = “()()”
Here input is of the form “xy” which makes the total score = score of x + score of y
and hence, score = 1 + 1 = 2
Input: str = “(())”
Here input is of the form “(x)” which makes the total score = 2 * score of x
and hence, score = 2 * 1 = 2
Input: str = “(()()())”
Here input is of the form “(xyz)” which makes the total score = 2 * (score of x +
score of y + score of z) and hence 2*(1 + 1 + 1) = 6
- The root node of our tree structure will represent the outermost pair of our input parentheses.
- For every pair of balanced parentheses included inside the outermost parentheses, we will add a child to our root node.
- This process of declaring a child to a root node will be recursive and hence it will create a node in our tree structure for every pair of balanced parentheses in a hierarchy.
- Every balanced pair of parentheses will be considered as outermost (recursively) and generate a node and hence will allow us to calculate the score.
- When computing score, each leaf node of our tree will be considered with a score of 1 and to get the score of its respective root node we need to add the scores of each child node and double that aggregate.
- The diagram below shows the recursive structure of the tree generated and we start from the bottom to calculate the scores at each level until we reach the outermost ending parentheses.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the length of the input string.
Space Complexity: O(N), where N is the length of the input string.
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