sciPy stats.binned_statistic() function | Python

stats.binned_statistic(x, values, statistic='mean', bins=10, range=None) function computes the binned statistics value for the given data (array elements).
It works similar to histogram function. As histogram function makes bins and counts the no. of points in each bin; this function computes the sum, mean, median, count or other statistics of the values for each bin.

Parameters :
arr : [array_like]input array to be binned.
values : [array_like]on which stats to be calculated.
statistics : Statistics to compute {mean, count, median, sum, function}. Default is mean.
bin : [int or scalars]If bins is an int, it defines the number of equal-width bins in the given range (10, by default). If bins is a sequence, it defines the bin edges.
range : (float, float) Lower and upper range of the bins and if not provided, range is from x.max() to x.min().

Results : Statistics value for each bin; bin edges; bin number.



Code #1 :

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# stats.binned_statistic() method 
import numpy as np
from scipy import stats
   
# 1D array
arr = [20, 2, 7, 1, 34]
print("\narr : \n", arr) 
  
  
# median  
print("\nbinned_statistic for median : \n", stats.binned_statistic(
        arr, np.arange(5), statistic ='median', bins = 4)) 

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Output :

arr : 
 [20, 2, 7, 1, 34]

binned_statistic for median : 
 BinnedStatisticResult(statistic=array([ 2., nan,  0.,  4.]), 
bin_edges=array([ 1.,  9.25, 17.5, 25.75, 34.  ]), 
binnumber=array([3, 1, 1, 1, 4], dtype=int64))

 
Code #2 :

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# stats.binned_statistic() method 
import numpy as np
from scipy import stats
  
# mean  
arr = [20, 2, 7, 1, 34]
print("\nbinned_statistic for mean : \n", stats.binned_statistic(
        arr, np.arange(5), statistic ='mean', bins = 2)) 

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Output :

binned_statistic for mean : 
 BinnedStatisticResult(statistic=array([2., 2.]), 
bin_edges=array([ 1., 17.5, 34. ]), 
binnumber=array([2, 1, 1, 1, 2], dtype=int64))



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