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Scientific Name of Potato

Last Updated : 18 Jul, 2023
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Scientific Name of Potato: Scientific name of the potato is Solanum tuberosum. Potatoes are herbaceous perennial plants that belong to the Solanaceae or nightshade family, which includes other plants like tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. It is a starchy root vegetable that is widely grown and consumed around the world. The potato was first domesticated in the Andes region(South America), possibly in what is now Peru or Bolivia. Following European contact with the America in the late 1400s and early 1500s, the potato was introduced to the rest of the world, eventually spreading widely.

What is the Scientific Name of Potato?

The scientific name of the potato is Solanum tuberosum.

The word “potato” originated from the Spanish word “patata,” which was derived from the Taíno language. The Taíno word for sweet potato, “batata,” was mistakenly applied to the newly discovered tuber by Spanish explorers. The word “patata” was then adopted by other European languages, including English, as the term for this new food. Over time, the pronunciation and spelling of “patata” evolved into “potato,” which is the commonly used term today.












Family Solanaceae
Genus Solanum
Species Tuberosum

Characteristics of Potato:

Potatoes, as a plant and a vegetable, possess several distinct characteristics. Some of the characteristics of potato are as follow:

  • Potatoes have an underground tuberous stem, known as a tuber, which is commonly consumed. The plant itself grows up to about 1-2 feet in height and produces leaves and flowers.
  • Potatoes come in various shapes and sizes. They can be round, oval, or elongated, in shape. The size of potatoes can range from small “new” potatoes to larger baking potatoes.
  • Potato skin can have a wide range of colors, including white, yellow, red, brown, or even purple. The flesh of potatoes can also vary in color, ranging from white to yellow, or even purple.
  • Potatoes are a good source of carbohydrates, and are low in fat. They contain dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Potatoes are adaptable plants that can grow in various climates and soil types, but generally prefer well drained and loose soil. They are typically propagated from seed potatoes, which are small tubers saved from the previous crop.
  • Potatoes should be stored in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated place to prevent sprouting and spoilage.
  • Potatoes can be susceptible to various pests and diseases, including potato beetles, aphids, and late blight, etc.
  • Potatoes are one of the most widely grown and consumed crops worldwide. Major potato-producing countries include China, India, Russia, Ukraine, the United States.

FAQs on Scientific/Botanical Name of Potato

Q1: Where did potatoes originate?


Potatoes originated in the Andean region of South America, likely in present-day Peru or Bolivia.

Q2: What are the different types of potatoes?


There are numerous potato varieties, including russet, red, Yukon Gold, fingerling, and purple potatoes, among others. Each variety has its own unique characteristics and uses in cooking.

Q3: Are potatoes healthy?


Potatoes are a nutritious vegetable. They are a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamin C, potassium, and other vitamins and minerals.

Q4: Are green potatoes safe to eat?


Green potatoes contain a natural toxin called solanine, which can be harmful if consumed in large amounts. It’s best to avoid eating green or sprouted potatoes and to remove any green parts before consumption.

Q5: What is Botanical name of Potato?


Solanum tuberosum is the botanical/scientific name for potatoes.

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