Ruby | Float Class

In Ruby, Float class is a subclass of Numeric class. The objects of the Float class represents real numbers using the native architecture’s double- precision floating-point representation. Float class contains Constants which are listed as follows:

Constants Description
DIG It holds minimum number of significant decimal digits in a double-precision floating point and it defaults to 15.
EPSILON It holds difference between 1 and the smallest double-precision floating point number greater than 1 and defaults to 2.2204460492503131e-16.
MANT_DIG It holds the number of mantissa digits of base RADIX. Defaults to 53.
MAX It holds largest possible integer in a double-precision floating point number and it defaults to 1.7976931348623157e+308.
MAX_10_EXP It represent the largest positive exponent in a double-precision floating point where 10 raised to this power minus 1. Defaults to 308.
MAX_EXP It is the largest possible exponent value in a double-precision floating point which defaults to 1024.
MIN It is the smallest positive normalized number in a double-precision floating point. Defaults to 2.2250738585072014e-308.
MIN_10_EXP It is the smallest negative exponent in a double-precision floating point where 10 raised to this power minus 1. Defaults to -307.
MIN_EXP It is the smallest possible exponent value in a double-precision floating point. Defaults to -1021
RADIX The radix of floating-point representations or in other words, it is a base of floating-point numbers. Defaults to 2 on most systems, which would represent a base-10 decimal
ROUND It represents the rounding mode for floating-point operations. The values includes are:
-1: if the mode is indeterminate
0: if rounding towards zero
1: if the rounding is nearest to representable value
2: if rounding is towards +infinite
3: if rounding is towards +infinite

NaN It is an expression representing a value which is “not a number“.
INFINITY It is an expression representing positive infinity.

Public Instance Methods

  1. Arithmetic Operations: This method perform various arithmetic operations on float.
    1. Addition: It returns the result of the sum of float and numeric value in floating-point number.
      float + numeric
    2. Subtraction: It returns the result of diffrence of float and numeric value in floating-point number.
      float - numeric
    3. Multiplication: It returns the result of product of float and numeric value in floating-point number.
      float * numeric
    4. Division: It returns the result of division of float and numeric value in floating-point number.
      float / numeric
    5. Modulo: It returns the result of the modulo of float and numeric value in floating-point number.
      float % numeric
    6. Exponent: It returns the result of power of float and numeric value in floating-point number.
      float ** numeric
    7. Unary minus: It returns floating-point number.
      float -@

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # Arithmetic operation
      
    a = 2.1
    b = 2
      
    # Addition
    c = a + b    
      
    puts "addition #{c}"
      
    # Subtraction
    d = a - b    
      
    puts "subtraction #{d}"
      
    # Multiplication
    e = a * b   
      
    puts "multiplication #{e}"
      
    # Division
    f = a / b   
      
    puts "division #{f}"
      
    # Modulo
    g = a % b   
      
    puts "modulo  #{g}"
      
    # Exponent
    h = a ** b  
      
    puts "exponent #{h}"
      
    # Unary minus
    i= -a       
      
    puts "unary minus #{i}"

    Output:

    addition 4.1
    subtraction 0.1
    multiplication 4.2
    division 1.05
    modulo  0.1
    exponent 4.41
    unary minus -2.1
    
  2. <=> : This method returns -1, 0, or +1 depends upon float. If float is less then numeric value then it will return -1, if float is equal to numeric value, then it will returns 0, or if float is greater then numeric value, then it will return +1.
    float <=> numeric --> 1, 0, +1 

    Example:



    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # <=> Method
      
    puts 2.1 <=> 4       
    puts 2.0 <=> 2       
    puts 4.6 <=> 2       

    Output:

    -1
    0
    1
    
  3. == : This method returns true if the obj is equal to float otherwise it returns false.
    float == obj --> true or false

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # == Method
      
    puts 3.8 == 4        
    puts 3.8 == 3.8      

    Output:

    false
    true
    
  4. abs : This method return absolute value of float.
    float.abs --> numeric

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # abs Method
      
    puts (-54.56).abs    
    puts (-65.04).abs     

    Output:

    54.56
    65.04
    
  5. ceil : This method returns the smallest Integer greater than or equal to float. The return type of this method is int.
    float.ceil --> int

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # ceil Method
      
    puts (4.1).ceil      
    puts (4.0).ceil      
    puts (-4.1).ceil     

    Output:

    5
    4
    -4
    
  6. divmod : This method will return an array that contains the quotient and modulus obtained by dividing num by numeric.
    float.divmod(numeric) --> array

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # divmod Method
      
    p (45.0.divmod 5)   
    p (98.0.divmod 5)   

    Output:

     
    [9, 0.0]
    [19, 3.0]
    
  7. eql? : This method check if the obj is Float and contains the same value as in float. If they contains same value then it will return true, otherwise return false. The return type of this method is boolean.
    float.eql?(obj) --> true or false

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # eql? Method
      
    puts 4.2.eql?(2)       
    puts 1.2.eql?(1.2)      

    Output:

    false
    true
    
  8. finite? : This method check if the float is a valid IEEE floating-point number. If float is valid IEEE floating-point number then it will return true otherwise it will return false.
    float.finite? --> true or false

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # finite? Method
      
    puts (45.0).finite?         
    puts (45.0/0.0).finite?    

    Output:

    true
    false
    
  9. floor : This method returns largest integer less than or equal to float.
    float.floor --> int

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # floor Method
      
    puts 2.2. floor          
    puts (-4.6).floor        

    Output:

    2
    -5
    
  10. infinite? : This method returns nil, -1, or +1 it depends upon float. If float is finite, then it return nil, if float is -infinte, then it return -1, or if float is +infinte then it return +1.
    float.infinite? --> nil, -1, +1

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # infinite? Method
      
    puts (1.1).infinite?            
    puts (-1.1/0.0).infinite?      
    puts (+1.1/0.0).infinite?      
      

    Output:

    nil
    -1
    1
    
  11. modulo: This method is similar to Float#% method.
    float.modulo(numeric) --> numeric

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # modulo Method
      
    puts 32.45.modulo(20)      

    Output:

    12.450000000000003
    
  12. nan? : This method return true if float is an invalid IEEE floating-point number otherwise it return false. The return type of this method is boolean.
    float.nan? --> true or false

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # nan? Method
      
    puts (-2.2). nan?           
    puts (0.0/0.0). nan?        

    Output:

    false
    true
    
  13. round: This method rounds off float to the nearest integer value. The return type of this method is int.
    float..round(digits=0) --> numeri

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # round Method
      
    puts 6.7.round      
    puts (-8.9).round     

    Output:

    7
    -9
    
  14. to_f : This method return float.
    float.to_f --> float
  15. to_i : This method return float truncate to the integer. The return type of this method is int.
    float.to_i --> int

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # to_i Method
      
    puts 5.6.to_i   

    Output:

    5
  16. to_int : This method is similar to Float#to_i.
    float.to_int --> int
  17. to_s: This method returns a string that contains a representation of self, as well as a fixed or exponential form of numbering. The call may return NaN, infinity and -infinity.
    float.to_s --> string 
  18. truncate : This method is equal to Float#to_i method. The return type of this method is int.
    float.truncate 
  19. zero? : This method return true if float is 0.0 otherwise return false. The return type of this method is boolean.
    float.zero? --> true or false

    Example:

    # Ruby program to illustrate 
    # zero? Method
      
    puts (0.0).zero?   
    puts (1.4).zero?   

    Output:

    true
    false
    
  20. Reference: https://ruby-doc.org/core-2.4.0/Float.html



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