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Root to leaf path sum equal to a given number in BST

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 30 Jun, 2021

Given a BST and a number. The task is to check whether the given number is equal to the sum of all the node from root leaf across any of the root to leaf paths in the given Binary Search Tree
 

 

Approach: The idea is to traverse from root to all leaves in top-down fashion maintaining a path[] array to store current root to leaf path. While traversing, store data of all nodes of current path in the array path[]. Whenever a leaf node is reached, calculate the sum of all of the nodes on the current path using the array path[] and check if it is equal to the given sum.
Below is the implementation of above approach: 
 

C++




// CPP program to check if root to leaf path
// sum to a given number in BST
 
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// BST node
struct Node {
    int data;
    Node *left, *right;
};
 
/* Helper function that allocates a new node */
Node* newNode(int data)
{
    Node* node = (Node*)malloc(sizeof(Node));
    node->data = data;
    node->left = node->right = NULL;
    return (node);
}
 
// Function to check if root to leaf path
// sum to a given number in BST
int checkThesum(struct Node *root, int path[], int i, int sum)
{
    int sum1 = 0, x, y, j;
     
    if(root == NULL)
        return 0;
         
    // insert the data of a node
    path[i] = root->data;
     
    // if the node is leaf
    // add all the element in array
    if(root->left==NULL&&root->right==NULL)
    {
        for(j = 0; j <= i; j++)
            sum1 = sum1 + path[j];
             
        // if the sum of root node to leaf
        // node data is equal then return 1
        if(sum == sum1)
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }
 
    x = checkThesum(root->left, path, i+1, sum);
     
    // if x is 1, it means the given sum is matched
    // with root to leaf node sum
    if(x==1)
        return 1;
    else
    {
        return checkThesum(root->right, path, i+1, sum);
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int path[100], sum = 164;
     
    Node *root = newNode(45);
    root->left = newNode(38);
    root->left->left = newNode(33);
    root->left->left->left = newNode(31);
    root->left->left->right = newNode(35);
    root->left->right = newNode(41);
    root->left->right->left = newNode(40);
    root->left->right->right = newNode(44);
    root->right = newNode(50);
    root->right->left = newNode(47);
    root->right->left->left = newNode(46);
    root->right->left->right = newNode(48);
    root->right->right = newNode(52);
    root->right->right->left = newNode(51);
    root->right->right->right = newNode(55);
     
    if(checkThesum(root, path, 0, sum)==1)
        cout<<"YES\n";
    else
        cout<<"NO\n";
         
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to check if
// root to leaf path sum to
// a given number in BST
class GFG
{
     
// BST node
static class Node
{
    int data;
    Node left, right;
}
 
/* Helper function that
   allocates a new node */
static Node newNode(int data)
{
    Node node = new Node();
    node.data = data;
    node.left = node.right = null;
    return (node);
}
 
// Function to check if root
// to leaf path sum to a
// given number in BST
static int checkThesum(Node root, int path[],
                           int i, int sum)
{
    int sum1 = 0, x, y, j;
     
    if(root == null)
        return 0;
         
    // insert the data of a node
    path[i] = root.data;
     
    // if the node is leaf
    // add all the element in array
    if(root.left == null &&
       root.right == null)
    {
        for(j = 0; j <= i; j++)
            sum1 = sum1 + path[j];
             
        // if the sum of root node to leaf
        // node data is equal then return 1
        if(sum == sum1)
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }
 
    x = checkThesum(root.left, path,
                        i + 1, sum);
     
    // if x is 1, it means the
    // given sum is matched with
    // root to leaf node sum
    if(x == 1)
        return 1;
    else
    {
        return checkThesum(root.right, path,
                                i + 1, sum);
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String args[])
{
    int path[] = new int[100], sum = 164;
     
    Node root = newNode(45);
    root.left = newNode(38);
    root.left.left = newNode(33);
    root.left.left.left = newNode(31);
    root.left.left.right = newNode(35);
    root.left.right = newNode(41);
    root.left.right.left = newNode(40);
    root.left.right.right = newNode(44);
    root.right = newNode(50);
    root.right.left = newNode(47);
    root.right.left.left = newNode(46);
    root.right.left.right = newNode(48);
    root.right.right = newNode(52);
    root.right.right.left = newNode(51);
    root.right.right.right = newNode(55);
     
    if(checkThesum(root, path, 0, sum) == 1)
        System.out.print("YES\n");
    else
        System.out.print("NO\n");
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu

Python3




# Python program to check if root to leaf path
# sum to a given number in BST
import math
 
# BST node
class Node:
    def __init__(self,data):
        self.data = data
        self.left = None
        self.right= None
 
# Helper function that allocates a new node */
def newNode(data):
    node = Node(data)
    node.data = data
    node.left = None
    node.right = None
 
    return node
 
# Function to check if root to leaf path
# sum to a given number in BST
def checkThesum(root, path, i, sum):
    sum1 = 0
     
    # x, y, j
    if(root == None):
        return 0
         
    # insert the data of a node
    path[i] = root.data
     
    # if the node is leaf
    # add all the element in array
    if(root.left == None and root.right == None):
        for j in range(0, i + 1):
            sum1 = sum1 + path[j]
             
        # if the sum of root node to leaf
        # node data is equal then return 1
        if(sum == sum1):
            return 1
        else:
            return 0
     
    x = checkThesum(root.left, path, i + 1, sum)
     
    # if x is 1, it means the given sum is matched
    # with root to leaf node sum
    if(x == 1):
        return 1
    else:
        return checkThesum(root.right, path, i + 1, sum)
     
# Driver code
if __name__=='__main__':
 
    path = [None] * 100
    sum = 164
     
    root = newNode(45)
    root.left = newNode(38)
    root.left.left = newNode(33)
    root.left.left.left = newNode(31)
    root.left.left.right = newNode(35)
    root.left.right = newNode(41)
    root.left.right.left = newNode(40)
    root.left.right.right = newNode(44)
    root.right = newNode(50)
    root.right.left = newNode(47)
    root.right.left.left = newNode(46)
    root.right.left.right = newNode(48)
    root.right.right = newNode(52)
    root.right.right.left = newNode(51)
    root.right.right.right = newNode(55)
     
    if(checkThesum(root, path, 0, sum) == 1):
        print("YES")
    else:
        print("NO")
         
# This code is contributed by Srathore

C#




// C# program to check if
// root to leaf path sum to
// a given number in BST
using System;
 
class GFG
{
     
// BST node
public class Node
{
    public int data;
    public Node left, right;
}
 
/* Helper function that
allocates a new node */
static Node newNode(int data)
{
    Node node = new Node();
    node.data = data;
    node.left = node.right = null;
    return (node);
}
 
// Function to check if root
// to leaf path sum to a
// given number in BST
static int checkThesum(Node root, int []path,
                        int i, int sum)
{
    int sum1 = 0, x, y, j;
     
    if(root == null)
        return 0;
         
    // insert the data of a node
    path[i] = root.data;
     
    // if the node is leaf
    // add all the element in array
    if(root.left == null &&
    root.right == null)
    {
        for(j = 0; j <= i; j++)
            sum1 = sum1 + path[j];
             
        // if the sum of root node to leaf
        // node data is equal then return 1
        if(sum == sum1)
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }
 
    x = checkThesum(root.left, path,
                        i + 1, sum);
     
    // if x is 1, it means the
    // given sum is matched with
    // root to leaf node sum
    if(x == 1)
        return 1;
    else
    {
        return checkThesum(root.right, path,
                                i + 1, sum);
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(String []args)
{
    int []path = new int[100];int sum = 164;
     
    Node root = newNode(45);
    root.left = newNode(38);
    root.left.left = newNode(33);
    root.left.left.left = newNode(31);
    root.left.left.right = newNode(35);
    root.left.right = newNode(41);
    root.left.right.left = newNode(40);
    root.left.right.right = newNode(44);
    root.right = newNode(50);
    root.right.left = newNode(47);
    root.right.left.left = newNode(46);
    root.right.left.right = newNode(48);
    root.right.right = newNode(52);
    root.right.right.left = newNode(51);
    root.right.right.right = newNode(55);
     
    if(checkThesum(root, path, 0, sum) == 1)
        Console.Write("YES\n");
    else
        Console.Write("NO\n");
}
}
 
// This code is contributed 29AjayKumar

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to check if
// root to leaf path sum to
// a given number in BST
     
// BST node
class Node
{
    constructor()
    {
        this.data = 0;
        this.left = null;
        this.right = null;
    }
}
 
/* Helper function that
allocates a new node */
function newNode(data)
{
    var node = new Node();
    node.data = data;
    node.left = node.right = null;
    return (node);
}
 
// Function to check if root
// to leaf path sum to a
// given number in BST
function checkThesum(root, path, i, sum)
{
    var sum1 = 0, x, y, j;
     
    if(root == null)
        return 0;
         
    // insert the data of a node
    path[i] = root.data;
     
    // if the node is leaf
    // add all the element in array
    if(root.left == null &&
    root.right == null)
    {
        for(j = 0; j <= i; j++)
            sum1 = sum1 + path[j];
             
        // if the sum of root node to leaf
        // node data is equal then return 1
        if(sum == sum1)
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }
 
    x = checkThesum(root.left, path,
                        i + 1, sum);
     
    // if x is 1, it means the
    // given sum is matched with
    // root to leaf node sum
    if(x == 1)
        return 1;
    else
    {
        return checkThesum(root.right, path,
                                i + 1, sum);
    }
}
 
// Driver code
var path = Array(100);
var sum = 164;
 
var root = newNode(45);
root.left = newNode(38);
root.left.left = newNode(33);
root.left.left.left = newNode(31);
root.left.left.right = newNode(35);
root.left.right = newNode(41);
root.left.right.left = newNode(40);
root.left.right.right = newNode(44);
root.right = newNode(50);
root.right.left = newNode(47);
root.right.left.left = newNode(46);
root.right.left.right = newNode(48);
root.right.right = newNode(52);
root.right.right.left = newNode(51);
root.right.right.right = newNode(55);
 
if(checkThesum(root, path, 0, sum) == 1)
    document.write("YES<br>");
else
    document.write("NO<br>");
 
// This code is contributed by itsok.
</script>
Output: 
YES

 


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