Robot Class in Java AWT
The Robot class in the Java AWT package is used to generate native system input events for the purposes of test automation, self-running demos, and other applications where control of the mouse and keyboard is needed. The primary purpose of Robot is to facilitate automated testing of Java platform implementations. In simple terms, the class provides control over the mouse and keyboard devices.
Here is an example of how the Robot class takes control of the keyboard and types out into a blank Notepad document. Notepad is called using Process and Runtime, as discussed in this article.
The code opens a blank Notepad file and types "hello from geeksforgeeks" onto it with a delay of 500 ms before typing out each character.
You might have already found out that the code has become really lengthy for writing a small string. In that case we can store the message in a string and iterate it and display. To press the capital letters we have to press down the shift key, press the key and then release the shift key. The same can be done for symbols too.
This opens the Notepad and types the same thing with a 200ms gap between characters. This approach is better when working with larger items.
Methods of the Robot class
|BufferedImage||createScreenCapture(Rectangle screenRect)||Creates an image containing pixels read from the screen.|
|void||delay(int ms)||Sleeps for the specified time.|
|int||getAutoDelay()||Returns the number of milliseconds this Robot sleeps after generating an event.|
|Color||getPixelColor(int x, int y)||Returns the color of a pixel at the given screen coordinates.|
|boolean||isAutoWaitForIdle()||Returns whether this Robot automatically invokes waitForIdle after generating an event.|
|void||keyPress(int keycode)||Presses a given key.|
|void||keyRelease(int keycode)||Releases a given key.|
|void||mouseMove(int x, int y)||Moves mouse pointer to given screen coordinates.|
|void||mousePress(int buttons)||Presses one or more mouse buttons.|
|void||mouseRelease(int buttons)||Releases one or more mouse buttons.|
|void||mouseWheel(int wheelAmt)||Rotates the scroll wheel on wheel-equipped mice.|
|void||setAutoDelay(int ms)||Sets the number of milliseconds this Robot sleeps after generating an event.|
|void||setAutoWaitForIdle(boolean isOn)||Sets whether this Robot automatically invokes waitForIdle after generating an event.|
|void||waitForIdle()||Waits until all events currently on the event queue have been processed. |
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