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Roadways – Purpose, Importance, Types, Challenges

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  • Last Updated : 23 Aug, 2022
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India has one of the biggest street networks on the planet, accumulating to around 54.7 lakh km. The developing significance of street transport over rail transport is referenced beneath:

  • The development cost of streets is a lot of lower than that of rail route lines.
  • Streets can cover all the more geologically harder areas that isn’t possible by the rail lines.
  • Streets can arrange higher angles of slants and can be handily implicit navigate mountains like the Himalayas.
  • Street transport is practical.
  • It likewise offers house to house assistance
  • Street transport gives joins between rail route stations, air and seaports.

In India, streets are arranged in the accompanying six classes as per their ability.

Brilliant Quadrilateral Super Highways

Brilliant Quadrilateral is an organization of Highways interfacing India’s four top metropolitan urban communities, in particular Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai. These expressway projects are being executed by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).

The public power dispatched a huge street improvement project interfacing India’s main four metropolitan urban communities Delhi-Kolkata-Chennai-Mumbai and Delhi by six-way Super Highways.

It incorporates

The North-South passageways connecting Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) and Kanniyakumari (Tamil Nadu), and East-West Corridor interfacing Silchar (Assam) and Porbandar (Gujarat).

Significant Objective

To lessen the time and distance between the megacities of India.

Executing Agency

These Highway projects are being carried out by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).

National Highways

The National thruways are an organization of trunk streets that are laid and kept up with by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD). The verifiable Sher-Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway No.1, among Delhi and Amritsar.

State Highways

Streets connecting a state capital with various region base camp are known as State Highways. These streets are developed and kept up with by the State Public Works Department (PWD).

District Roads

These streets associate the area central command with different spots of the locale. These streets are kept up with by the Zila Parishad.

Different Roads

Rustic streets, which connect country regions and towns with towns, are grouped under this classification. These streets got unique driving force under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana.

Line Roads

Line Roads Organization builds and keeps up with streets in the lining region of the country. This association was laid out in 1960 for the advancement of the streets of key significance in the northern and north-eastern line regions.

Streets can likewise be arranged based on the sort of material utilized for their development, for example,

  • Metalled streets might be made of concrete, concrete or even bitumen of coal. These are all-climate streets.
  • Unmetalled streets leave use in the blustery season.

Challenges looked by the Indian streets

  • The public interstates including different Roadways of India are sufficiently not to oblige the enormous volume of street traffic which at last prompts regular gridlocks.
  • Around half of the streets of India are unmetalled they go under terrible condition during the rainstorm season.
  • Numerous streets and scaffolds in Indian urban communities are very thin which doesn’t permit more vehicles to take a break.

Sample Questions

Question 1: For what reason are streets so significant?


Street transport implies transportation of merchandise and work force from one put to the next on streets. This method of transportation is the most extreme utilized and furthermore the least expensive repetition.

Question 2: Characterize the term transhumance.


Transhumance is the occasional development of individuals extraordinarily travelers, who shift alongside their crowd looking for a spot as per change in environment.

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