Reversing a Queue using another Queue

Given a queue. The task is to reverse the queue using another another empty queue.

Examples:

Input: queue[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
Output: 5 4 3 2 1

Input: queue[] = {10, 20, 30, 40}
Output: 40 30 20 10

Approach:



  • Given a queue and an empty queue.
  • The last element of the queue should be the first element of the new queue.
  • To get the last element there is a need to pop the queue one by one and add it to the end of the queue, size – 1 times.
  • So after that, we will get the last element in front of the queue. Now pop that element out and add it to the new queue. Repeat the steps s – 1 times where s is the original size of the queue.

Below is the implementation of the approach:

C++

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// C++ implementation of the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to return the reversed queue
queue<int> reverse(queue<int> q)
{
    // Size of ueue
    int s = q.size();
  
    // Second queue
    queue<int> ans;
  
    for (int i = 0; i < s; i++) {
  
        // Get the last element to the
        // front of queue
        for (int j = 0; j < q.size() - 1; j++) {
            int x = q.front();
            q.pop();
            q.push(x);
        }
  
        // Get the last element and
        // add it to the new queue
        ans.push(q.front());
        q.pop();
    }
    return ans;
}
  
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    queue<int> q;
  
    // Insert elements
    q.push(1);
    q.push(2);
    q.push(3);
    q.push(4);
    q.push(5);
  
    q = reverse(q);
  
    // Print the queue
    while (!q.empty()) {
        cout << q.front() << " ";
        q.pop();
    }
  
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Java implementation of the above approach
import java.util.*;
class GFG
{
  
// Function to return the reversed queue
static Queue<Integer> reverse(Queue<Integer> q)
{
    // Size of ueue
    int s = q.size();
  
    // Second queue
    Queue<Integer> ans = new LinkedList<>();
  
    for (int i = 0; i < s; i++)
    {
  
        // Get the last element to the
        // front of queue
        for (int j = 0; j < q.size() - 1; j++) 
        {
            int x = q.peek();
            q.remove();
            q.add(x);
        }
  
        // Get the last element and
        // add it to the new queue
        ans.add(q.peek());
        q.remove();
    }
    return ans;
}
  
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args) 
{
    Queue<Integer> q = new LinkedList<>();
  
    // Insert elements
    q.add(1);
    q.add(2);
    q.add(3);
    q.add(4);
    q.add(5);
  
    q = reverse(q);
  
    // Print the queue
    while (!q.isEmpty()) 
    {
        System.out.print(q.peek() + " ");
        q.remove();
    }
    }
  
// This code is contributed by Princi Singh

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Python3

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# Python3 implementation of the above approach
from collections import deque
  
# Function to return the reversed queue
def reverse(q):
      
    # Size of ueue
    s = len(q)
  
    # Second queue
    ans = deque()
  
    for i in range(s):
  
        # Get the last element to the
        # front of queue
        for j in range(s - 1):
            x = q.popleft()
            q.appendleft(x)
  
        # Get the last element and
        # add it to the new queue
        ans.appendleft(q.popleft())
    return ans
  
# Driver Code
q = deque()
  
# Insert elements
q.append(1)
q.append(2)
q.append(3)
q.append(4)
q.append(5)
  
q = reverse(q)
  
# Print the queue
while (len(q) > 0):
    print(q.popleft(), end = " ")
  
# This code is contributed by Mohit Kumar

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C#

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// C# Program to print the given pattern
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic; 
      
class GFG
{
  
// Function to return the reversed queue
static Queue<int> reverse(Queue<int> q)
{
    // Size of ueue
    int s = q.Count;
  
    // Second queue
    Queue<int> ans = new Queue<int>();
  
    for (int i = 0; i < s; i++)
    {
  
        // Get the last element to the
        // front of queue
        for (int j = 0; j < q.Count - 1; j++) 
        {
            int x = q.Peek();
            q.Dequeue();
            q.Enqueue(x);
        }
  
        // Get the last element and
        // add it to the new queue
        ans.Enqueue(q.Peek());
        q.Dequeue();
    }
    return ans;
}
  
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args) 
{
    Queue<int> q = new Queue<int>();
  
    // Insert elements
    q.Enqueue(1);
    q.Enqueue(2);
    q.Enqueue(3);
    q.Enqueue(4);
    q.Enqueue(5);
  
    q = reverse(q);
  
    // Print the queue
    while (q.Count!=0) 
    {
        Console.Write(q.Peek() + " ");
        q.Dequeue();
    }
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Princi Singh

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Output:

5 4 3 2 1

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