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required – Django Form Field Validation

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Built-in Form Field Validations in Django Forms are the default validations that come predefined to all fields. Every field comes in with some built-in validations from Django validators. Each Field class constructor takes some fixed arguments. Some Field classes take additional, field-specific arguments, but required should always be accepted.

required is often used to make the field optional that is the user would no longer be required to enter the data into that field and it will still be accepted. Let’s check how to user required in a field using a project.


field_name = models.Field(option = value)

Django Form Field Validation required Explanation

Illustration of required using an Example. Consider a project named geeksforgeeks having an app named geeks.

Refer to the following articles to check how to create a project and an app in Django.

Enter the following code into file of geeks app. We will be using CharField for experimenting for all field options.

from django import forms
class GeeksForm(forms.Form):
    geeks_field = forms.CharField(required = False)

Add the geeks app to INSTALLED_APPS

# Application definition

Now to render this form into a view we need a view and a URL mapped to that view. Let’s create a view first in of geeks app,

from django.shortcuts import render
from .forms import GeeksForm
# Create your views here.
def home_view(request):
    context = {}
    form = GeeksForm(request.POST or None)
    context['form'] = form
    if request.POST:
        if form.is_valid():
            temp = form.cleaned_data.get("geeks_field")
    return render(request, "home.html", context)

Here we are importing that particular form from and creating an object of it in the view so that it can be rendered in a template.
Now, to initiate a Django form you need to create home.html where one would be designing the stuff as they like. Let’s create a form in home.html.

<form method = "POST">
    {% csrf_token %}
    {{ form }}
    <input type = "submit" value = "Submit">

Finally, a URL to map to this view in

from django.urls import path
# importing views from
from .views import home_view
URLpatterns = [
    path('', home_view ),

Let’s run the server and check what has actually happened, Run

Python runserver


Thus, an geeks_field CharField is created by replacing “_” with ” “.

How to use required in Django Form field?

required is often used to make the field optional that is the user would no longer be required to enter the data into that field and it will still be accepted. Let’s check how to use required in a field using a project. When set to a particular value the option used appends some validations to the field as required by the developer.

Let’s try to use required via Django Web application we created, visit http://localhost:8000/ and try to input the value based on option or validation applied on the Field. Hit submit.


Hence Field is accepting the form even without any data in the geeks_field. This makes required=False implemented successfully.

More Built-in Form Validations

Field OptionsDescription
requiredBy default, each Field class assumes the value is required, so to make it not required you need to set required=False
labelThe label argument lets you specify the “human-friendly” label for this field. This is used when the Field is displayed in a Form.
label_suffixThe label_suffix argument lets you override the form’s label_suffix on a per-field basis.
widgetThe widget argument lets you specify a Widget class to use when rendering this Field. See Widgets for more information.
help_textThe help_text argument lets you specify descriptive text for this Field. If you provide help_text, it will be displayed next to the Field when the Field is rendered by one of the convenience Form methods.
error_messagesThe error_messages argument lets you override the default messages that the field will raise. Pass in a dictionary with keys matching the error messages you want to override.
validatorsThe validators argument lets you provide a list of validation functions for this field.
localizeThe localize argument enables the localization of form data input, as well as the rendered output.
disabled.The disabled boolean argument, when set to True, disables a form field using the disabled HTML attribute so that it won’t be editable by users.

Last Updated : 13 Feb, 2020
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