Given a positive integer N, the task is to represent the fraction 2 / N as the sum of three distinct positive integers of the form 1 / m i.e. (2 / N) = (1 / x) + (1 / y) + (1 / z) and print x, y and z.
Input: N = 3
Output: 3 4 12
(1 / 3) + (1 / 4) + (1 / 12) = ((4 + 3 + 1) / 12)
= (8 / 12) = (2 / 3) i.e. 2 / N
Input: N = 28
Output: 28 29 812
Approach: It can be easily inferred that for N = 1, there will be no solution. For N > 1, (2 / N) can be represented as (1 / N) + (1 / N) and the problem gets reduced to representing it as a sum of two fractions. Now, find the difference between (1 / N) and 1 / (N + 1) and get the fraction 1 / (N * (N + 1)). Therefore, the solution is (2 / N) = (1 / N) + (1 / (N + 1)) + (1 / (N * (N + 1))) where x = N, y = N + 1 and z = N * (N + 1).
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
5 6 30
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