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# Replace all ‘0’ with ‘5’ in an input Integer

Given an integer as input and replace all the ‘0’ with ‘5’ in the integer.

Examples:

```Input: 102
Output: 152
Explanation: All the digits which are '0' is replaced by '5'

Input: 1020
Output: 1525
Explanation: All the digits which are '0' is replaced by '5'```

The use of an array to store all digits is not allowed.

Iterative Approach-1: By observing the test cases it is evident that all the 0 digits are replaced by 5. For Example, for input = 1020, output = 1525. The idea is simple, we assign a variable ‘temp’ to 0, we get the last digit using mod operator ‘%’. If the digit is 0, we replace it with 5, otherwise, keep it as it is. Then we multiply the ‘temp’ with 10 and add the digit got by mod operation. After that, we divide the original number by 10 to get the other digits. In this way, we will have a number in which all the ‘0’s are assigned with ‘5’s. If we reverse this number, we will get the desired answer.

Algorithm:

• if the number is 0, directly return 5.
• else do the steps below.
• Create a variable temp= 0 to store the reversed number having all ‘0’s assigned to ‘5’s.
• Find the last digit using the mod operator ‘%’. If the digit is ‘0’, then make the last digit ‘5’.
• Multiply temp with 10 and add the last digit.
• Divide the number by 10 to get more digits by mod operation.
• Then reverse this number.
• return the reversed number.

Implementation:

## C++

 `// C++ program to replace all ‘0’``// with ‘5’ in an input Integer``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// A iterative function to reverse a number``int` `reverseTheNumber(``int` `temp)``{``    ``int` `ans = 0;``    ``while` `(temp > 0) {``        ``int` `rem = temp % 10;``        ``ans = ans * 10 + rem;``        ``temp = temp / 10;``    ``}``    ``return` `ans;``}` `int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``{``    ``// if num is 0 return 5``    ``if` `(num == 0)``        ``return` `5;` `    ``// Extract the last digit and``    ``// change it if needed``    ``else` `{``        ``int` `temp = 0;` `        ``while` `(num > 0) {``            ``int` `digit = num % 10;``            ``//if digit is 0, make it 5``            ``if` `(digit == 0)``                ``digit = 5;` `            ``temp = temp * 10 + digit;``            ``num = num / 10;``        ``}``        ``// call the function reverseTheNumber by passing``        ``// temp``        ``return` `reverseTheNumber(temp);``    ``}``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `num = 10120;``    ``cout << convert0To5(num);``    ``return` `0;``}` `// This code is contributed by Vrashank Rao M.`

## Java

 `// Java program for the above approach``import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG {` `// A iterative function to reverse a number``static` `int` `reverseTheNumber(``int` `temp)``{``    ``int` `ans = ``0``;``    ``while` `(temp > ``0``) {``        ``int` `rem = temp % ``10``;``        ``ans = ans * ``10` `+ rem;``        ``temp = temp / ``10``;``    ``}``    ``return` `ans;``}` `static` `int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``{``    ``// if num is 0 return 5``    ``if` `(num == ``0``)``        ``return` `5``;` `    ``// Extract the last digit and``    ``// change it if needed``    ``else` `{``        ``int` `temp = ``0``;` `        ``while` `(num > ``0``) {``            ``int` `digit = num % ``10``;``          ` `            ``//if digit is 0, make it 5``            ``if` `(digit == ``0``)``                ``digit = ``5``;` `            ``temp = temp * ``10` `+ digit;``            ``num = num / ``10``;``        ``}``      ` `        ``// call the function reverseTheNumber by passing``        ``// temp``        ``return` `reverseTheNumber(temp);``    ``}``}` `    ``// Driver program``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{``        ``int` `num = ``10120``;``        ``System.out.println(convert0To5(num));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by sanjoy_62.`

## Python3

 `# Python program for the above approach` `# A iterative function to reverse a number``def` `reverseTheNumber(temp):``    ``ans ``=` `0``;``    ``while` `(temp > ``0``):``        ``rem ``=` `temp ``%` `10``;``        ``ans ``=` `ans ``*` `10` `+` `rem;``        ``temp ``=` `temp ``/``/` `10``;``    ` `    ``return` `ans;` `def` `convert0To5(num):``    ``# if num is 0 return 5``    ``if` `(num ``=``=` `0``):``        ``return` `5``;` `    ``# Extract the last digit and``    ``# change it if needed``    ``else``:``        ``temp ``=` `0``;` `        ``while` `(num > ``0``):``            ``digit ``=` `num ``%` `10``;` `            ``# if digit is 0, make it 5``            ``if` `(digit ``=``=` `0``):``                ``digit ``=` `5``;` `            ``temp ``=` `temp ``*` `10` `+` `digit;``            ``num ``=` `num ``/``/` `10``;``        ` `        ``# call the function reverseTheNumber by passing``        ``# temp``        ``return` `reverseTheNumber(temp);` `# Driver program``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``    ``num ``=` `10120``;``    ``print``(convert0To5(num));` `# This code is contributed by umadevi9616`

## C#

 `// C# program for the above approach``using` `System;``public` `class` `GFG {` `// A iterative function to reverse a number``static` `int` `reverseTheNumber(``int` `temp)``{``    ``int` `ans = 0;``    ``while` `(temp > 0) {``        ``int` `rem = temp % 10;``        ``ans = ans * 10 + rem;``        ``temp = temp / 10;``    ``}``    ``return` `ans;``}` `static` `int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``{``    ``// if num is 0 return 5``    ``if` `(num == 0)``        ``return` `5;` `    ``// Extract the last digit and``    ``// change it if needed``    ``else` `{``        ``int` `temp = 0;` `        ``while` `(num > 0) {``            ``int` `digit = num % 10;``            ``//if digit is 0, make it 5``            ``if` `(digit == 0)``                ``digit = 5;` `            ``temp = temp * 10 + digit;``            ``num = num / 10;``        ``}``      ` `        ``// call the function reverseTheNumber by passing``        ``// temp``        ``return` `reverseTheNumber(temp);``    ``}``}` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main (``string``[] args) {``        ``int` `num = 10120;``        ``Console.Write(convert0To5(num));` `    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by splevel62.`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`15125`

Complexity Analysis:

• Time Complexity: O(n), where n is number of digits in the number.
• Auxiliary Space: O(1), no extra space is required.

Iterative Approach-2: By observing the test cases it is evident that all the 0 digits are replaced by 5. For Example, for input = 1020, output = 1525, which can be written as 1020 + 505, which can be further written as 1020 + 5*(10^2) + 5*(10^0). So the solution can be formed in an iterative way where if a ‘0’ digit is encountered find the place value of that digit and multiply it with 5 and find the sum for all 0’s in the number. Add that sum to the input number to find the output number.

Algorithm:

• Create a variable sum = 0 to store the sum, place = 1 to store the place value of the current digit, and create a copy of the input variable
• If the number is zero return 5
• Iterate the next step while the input variable is greater than 0
• Extract the last digit (n%10) and if the digit is zero, then update sum = sum + place*5, remove the last digit from the number n = n/10 and update place = place * 10
• Return the sum.

Implementation:

## C++

 `#include``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Returns the number to be added to the``// input to replace all zeroes with five``int` `calculateAddedValue(``int` `number)``{``    ` `    ``// Amount to be added``    ``int` `result = 0;` `    ``// Unit decimal place``    ``int` `decimalPlace = 1;``    ` `    ``if` `(number == 0)``    ``{``        ``result += (5 * decimalPlace);``    ``}` `    ``while` `(number > 0)``    ``{``        ``if` `(number % 10 == 0)``        ``{``            ` `            ``// A number divisible by 10, then``            ``// this is a zero occurrence in``            ``// the input``            ``result += (5 * decimalPlace);` `        ``}``        ` `        ``// Move one decimal place``        ``number /= 10;``        ``decimalPlace *= 10;``    ``}``    ``return` `result;``}` `int` `replace0with5(``int` `number)``{``    ``return` `number += calculateAddedValue(number);``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``cout << replace0with5(1020);``}` `// This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155`

## Java

 `import` `java.io.*;``public` `class` `ReplaceDigits {``    ``static` `int` `replace0with5(``int` `number)``    ``{``        ``return` `number += calculateAddedValue(number);``    ``}` `    ``// returns the number to be added to the``    ``// input to replace all zeroes with five``    ``private` `static` `int` `calculateAddedValue(``int` `number)``    ``{` `        ``// amount to be added``        ``int` `result = ``0``;` `        ``// unit decimal place``        ``int` `decimalPlace = ``1``;` `        ``if` `(number == ``0``) {``            ``result += (``5` `* decimalPlace);``        ``}` `        ``while` `(number > ``0``) {``            ``if` `(number % ``10` `== ``0``)``                ``// a number divisible by 10, then``                ``// this is a zero occurrence in the input``                ``result += (``5` `* decimalPlace);` `            ``// move one decimal place``            ``number /= ``10``;``            ``decimalPlace *= ``10``;``        ``}``        ``return` `result;``    ``}` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``System.out.print(replace0with5(``1020``));``    ``}``}`

## Python3

 `def` `replace0with5(number):``    ``number ``+``=` `calculateAddedValue(number)``    ``return` `number``    ` `# returns the number to be added to the``# input to replace all zeroes with five``def` `calculateAddedValue(number):``    ` `    ``# amount to be added``    ``result ``=` `0``    ` `    ``# unit decimal place``    ``decimalPlace ``=` `1` `    ``if` `(number ``=``=` `0``):``        ``result ``+``=` `(``5` `*` `decimalPlace)``        ` `    ``while` `(number > ``0``):``        ``if` `(number ``%` `10` `=``=` `0``):``            ` `            ``# a number divisible by 10, then``            ``# this is a zero occurrence in the input``            ``result ``+``=` `(``5` `*` `decimalPlace)``            ` `        ``# move one decimal place``        ``number ``/``/``=` `10``        ``decimalPlace ``*``=` `10``    ` `    ``return` `result``    ` `# Driver code``print``(replace0with5(``1020``))``    ` `# This code is contributed by shubhmasingh10`

## C#

 `using` `System;` `class` `GFG{``    ` `static` `int` `replace0with5(``int` `number)``{``    ``return` `number += calculateAddedValue(number);``}` `// Returns the number to be added to the``// input to replace all zeroes with five``static` `int` `calculateAddedValue(``int` `number)``{``    ` `    ``// Amount to be added``    ``int` `result = 0;` `    ``// Unit decimal place``    ``int` `decimalPlace = 1;` `    ``if` `(number == 0)``    ``{``        ``result += (5 * decimalPlace);``    ``}` `    ``while` `(number > 0)``    ``{``        ``if` `(number % 10 == 0)``        ` `            ``// A number divisible by 10, then``            ``// this is a zero occurrence in the input``            ``result += (5 * decimalPlace);` `        ``// Move one decimal place``        ``number /= 10;``        ``decimalPlace *= 10;``    ``}``    ``return` `result;``}` `// Driver Code``static` `public` `void` `Main()``{``    ``Console.WriteLine(replace0with5(1020));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by rag2127`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`1525`

Complexity Analysis:

• Time Complexity: O(k), the loops run only k times, where k is the number of digits of the number.
• Auxiliary Space: O(1), no extra space is required.

Recursive Approach: The idea is simple, we get the last digit using the mod operator ‘%’. If the digit is 0, we replace it with 5, otherwise, keep it as it is. Then we recur for the remaining digits. The approach remains the same, the basic difference is the loop is replaced by a recursive function.

Algorithm:

• Check a base case when the number is 0 return 5, and for all other cases, form a recursive function.
• The function (solve(int n))can be defined as follows, if the number passed is 0 then return 0, else extract the last digit i.e. n = n/10 and remove the last digit. If the last digit is zero assigns 5 to it.
• Now return the value by calling the recursive function for n, i.e return solve(n)*10 + digit.

Implementation:

## C++

 `// C++ program to replace all ‘0’``// with ‘5’ in an input Integer``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// A recursive function to replace all 0s``// with 5s in an input number It doesn't``// work if input number itself is 0.``int` `convert0To5Rec(``int` `num)``{``    ``// Base case for recursion termination``    ``if` `(num == 0)``        ``return` `0;` `    ``// Extract the last digit and``    ``// change it if needed``    ``int` `digit = num % 10;``    ``if` `(digit == 0)``        ``digit = 5;` `    ``// Convert remaining digits and``    ``// append the last digit``    ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num / 10) * 10 + digit;``}` `// It handles 0 and calls convert0To5Rec()``// for other numbers``int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``{``    ``if` `(num == 0)``        ``return` `5;``    ``else``        ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num);``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `num = 10120;``    ``cout << convert0To5(num);``    ``return` `0;``}` `// This code is contributed by Code_Mech.`

## C

 `// C program to replace all ‘0’``// with ‘5’ in an input Integer``#include ` `// A recursive function to replace``// all 0s with 5s in an input number``// It doesn't work if input number itself is 0.``int` `convert0To5Rec(``int` `num)``{``    ``// Base case for recursion termination``    ``if` `(num == 0)``        ``return` `0;` `    ``// Extract the last digit and change it if needed``    ``int` `digit = num % 10;``    ``if` `(digit == 0)``        ``digit = 5;` `    ``// Convert remaining digits``    ``// and append the last digit``    ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num / 10) * 10 + digit;``}` `// It handles 0 and calls``// convert0To5Rec() for other numbers``int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``{``    ``if` `(num == 0)``        ``return` `5;``    ``else``        ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num);``}` `// Driver program to test above function``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `num = 10120;``    ``printf``(``"%d"``, convert0To5(num));``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `import` `java.io.*;``// Java code for Replace all 0 with``// 5 in an input Integer``public` `class` `GFG {` `    ``// A recursive function to replace all 0s with 5s in``    ``// an input number. It doesn't work if input number``    ``// itself is 0.``    ``static` `int` `convert0To5Rec(``int` `num)``    ``{``        ``// Base case``        ``if` `(num == ``0``)``            ``return` `0``;` `        ``// Extract the last digit and change it if needed``        ``int` `digit = num % ``10``;``        ``if` `(digit == ``0``)``            ``digit = ``5``;` `        ``// Convert remaining digits and append the``        ``// last digit``        ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num / ``10``) * ``10` `+ digit;``    ``}` `    ``// It handles 0 and calls convert0To5Rec() for``    ``// other numbers``    ``static` `int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``    ``{``        ``if` `(num == ``0``)``            ``return` `5``;``        ``else``            ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num);``    ``}` `    ``// Driver function``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``System.out.println(convert0To5(``10120``));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Kamal Rawal`

## Python3

 `# Python program to replace all``# 0 with 5 in given integer` `# A recursive function to replace all 0s``# with 5s in an integer``# Does'nt work if the given number is 0 itself``def` `convert0to5rec(num):` `    ``# Base case for recursion termination``    ``if` `num ``=``=` `0``:``        ``return` `0` `    ``# Extract the last digit and change it if needed``    ``digit ``=` `num ``%` `10` `    ``if` `digit ``=``=` `0``:``        ``digit ``=` `5` `    ``# Convert remaining digits and append the last digit``    ``return` `convert0to5rec(num ``/``/` `10``) ``*` `10` `+` `digit` `# It handles 0 to 5 calls convert0to5rec()``# for other numbers``def` `convert0to5(num):``    ``if` `num ``=``=` `0``:``        ``return` `5``    ``else``:``        ``return` `convert0to5rec(num)`  `# Driver Program``num ``=` `10120``print` `(convert0to5(num))` `# Contributed by Harshit Agrawal`

## C#

 `// C# code for Replace all 0``// with 5 in an input Integer``using` `System;` `class` `GFG {` `    ``// A recursive function to replace``    ``// all 0s with 5s in an input number.``    ``// It doesn't work if input number``    ``// itself is 0.``    ``static` `int` `convert0To5Rec(``int` `num)``    ``{``        ``// Base case``        ``if` `(num == 0)``            ``return` `0;` `        ``// Extract the last digit and``        ``// change it if needed``        ``int` `digit = num % 10;``        ``if` `(digit == 0)``            ``digit = 5;` `        ``// Convert remaining digits``        ``// and append the last digit``        ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num / 10) * 10 + digit;``    ``}` `    ``// It handles 0 and calls``    ``// convert0To5Rec() for other numbers``    ``static` `int` `convert0To5(``int` `num)``    ``{``        ``if` `(num == 0)``            ``return` `5;``        ``else``            ``return` `convert0To5Rec(num);``    ``}` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``static` `public` `void` `Main()``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(convert0To5(10120));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Raj`

## PHP

 ``

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`15125`

Complexity Analysis:

• Time Complexity: O(k), the recursive function is called only k times, where k is the number of digits of the number
• Auxiliary Space: O(1), no extra space is required.

Approach (Using builtin function replace())

## C++

 `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `string change(``int` `n)``{``  ``string temp = to_string(n) + ``""``;``  ``replace(temp.begin(), temp.end(), ``'0'``, ``'5'``);``  ``return` `temp;``}` `int` `main()``{` `  ``int` `num = 10120;``  ``cout << (change(num));``  ``return` `0;``}` `// This code is contributed by akashish__`

## Java

 `/*package whatever //do not write package name here */` `import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG {``  ` `  ``static` `String change(``int` `n){``        ``String temp  = n + ``""``;``        ``return` `temp.replace(``'0'``,``'5'``);``  ``}``  ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) {``      ``int` `num = ``10120``; ``      ``System.out.println(change(num));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by aadityaburujwale.`

## Python3

 `# Python program for the above approach` `# Function to replace all 0s with 5s``def` `change(num):``    ``s ``=` `str``(num)``    ``s ``=` `s.replace(``'0'``, ``'5'``)``    ``return` `s` `# Driver code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``    ``num ``=` `10120``    ``print``(change(num))`

## C#

 `using` `System;``public` `class` `GFG {` `  ``static` `String change(``int` `n)``  ``{``    ``String temp = n + ``""``;``    ``return` `temp.Replace(``'0'``, ``'5'``);``  ``}``  ``static` `public` `void` `Main()``  ``{` `    ``// Code``    ``int` `num = 10120;``    ``Console.WriteLine(change(num));``  ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by karandeep1234`

## Javascript

 `function` `change(n)``{``  ``let temp = n.toString();``  ``temp = temp.replaceAll(``'0'``, ``'5'``);``  ``return` `temp;``}` `let num = 10120;``console.log((change(num)));` `// This code is contributed by akashish__`

Output

`15125`

Time Complexity: O(log(num)), where num is the number of digits in num variable.

Auxiliary Space: O(num)