Given an array **arr[]** of size **N** and an integer K which means there are **N** piles of coins and the **i ^{th}** contains

**arr[i]**coins. The task is to adjust the number of coins in each pile such that for any two piles if

**a**be the number of coins in the first pile and

**b**be the number of coins in the second pile then

**|a – b| ≤ K**.

One can remove coins from different piles to decrease the number of coins in those piles but cannot increase the number of coins in a pile by adding more coins. Find the minimum number of coins to be removed in order to satisfy the given condition.

**Examples:**

Input:arr[] = {2, 2, 2, 2}, K = 0Output:0

For any two piles the difference in the number of coins is ≤ 0.

So, no need to remove any coins.

Input:arr[] = {1, 5, 1, 2, 5, 1}, K = 3Output:2

If we remove one coin each from both the piles containing

5 coins, then for any two piles the absolute difference

in the number of coins is ≤ 3.

**Approach:** Since we cannot increase the number of coins in a pile. So, the minimum number of coins in any pile will remain the same as they can’t be removed and increasing them will add to the operations which we need to minimize. Now, find the minimum coins in a pile and for every other pile if the difference between the coins in the current pile and the minimum coin pile is greater than K then remove the extra coins from the current pile.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

`// C++ implementation of the approach ` `#include <bits/stdc++.h> ` `using` `namespace` `std; `
` ` `// Function to return the minimum number ` `// of coins that need to be removed ` `int` `minimumCoins(` `int` `a[], ` `int` `n, ` `int` `k) `
`{ ` ` ` `// To store the coins needed to be removed `
` ` `int` `cnt = 0; `
` ` ` ` `// Minimum value from the array `
` ` `int` `minVal = *min_element(a, a + n); `
` ` ` ` `// Itereate over the array and remove extra coins `
` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) { `
` ` `int` `diff = a[i] - minVal; `
` ` ` ` `// If the difference between the current pile and `
` ` `// the minimum coin pile is greater than k `
` ` `if` `(diff > k) { `
` ` ` ` `// Count the extra coins to be removed `
` ` `cnt += (diff - k); `
` ` `} `
` ` `} `
` ` ` ` `// Return the required count `
` ` `return` `cnt; `
`} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `int` `main() `
`{ ` ` ` `int` `a[] = { 1, 5, 1, 2, 5, 1 }; `
` ` `int` `n = ` `sizeof` `(a) / ` `sizeof` `(a[0]); `
` ` `int` `k = 3; `
` ` ` ` `cout << minimumCoins(a, n, k); `
` ` ` ` `return` `0; `
`} ` |

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`// Java implementation of the approach ` `import` `java.io.*; `
` ` `class` `GFG `
`{ ` ` ` `// Function to return the minimum number ` `// of coins that need to be removed ` `static` `int` `minimumCoins(` `int` `a[], ` `int` `n, ` `int` `k) `
`{ ` ` ` `// To store the coins needed to be removed `
` ` `int` `cnt = ` `0` `; `
` ` ` ` `// Minimum value from the array `
` ` `int` `minVal = ` `1` `; `
` ` ` ` `// Itereate over the array and remove extra coins `
` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < n; i++) `
` ` `{ `
` ` `int` `diff = a[i] - minVal; `
` ` ` ` `// If the difference between the current pile and `
` ` `// the minimum coin pile is greater than k `
` ` `if` `(diff > k) `
` ` `{ `
` ` `// Count the extra coins to be removed `
` ` `cnt += (diff - k); `
` ` `} `
` ` `} `
` ` ` ` `// Return the required count `
` ` `return` `cnt; `
`} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) `
`{ ` ` ` `int` `a[] = { ` `1` `, ` `5` `, ` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `5` `, ` `1` `}; `
` ` `int` `n = a.length; `
` ` `int` `k = ` `3` `; `
` ` `System.out.println (minimumCoins(a, n, k)); `
`} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by jit_t ` |

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`# Python implementation of the approach ` ` ` `# Function to return the minimum number ` `# of coins that need to be removed ` `def` `minimumCoins(a, n, k): `
` ` `# To store the coins needed to be removed `
` ` `cnt ` `=` `0` `; `
` ` ` ` `# Minimum value from the array `
` ` `minVal ` `=` `1` `; `
` ` ` ` `# Itereate over the array and remove extra coins `
` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(n): `
` ` `diff ` `=` `a[i] ` `-` `minVal; `
` ` ` ` `# If the difference between the current pile and `
` ` `# the minimum coin pile is greater than k `
` ` `if` `(diff > k): `
` ` `# Count the extra coins to be removed `
` ` `cnt ` `+` `=` `(diff ` `-` `k); `
` ` `# Return the required count `
` ` `return` `cnt; `
` ` `# Driver code ` `a ` `=` `[` `1` `, ` `5` `, ` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `5` `, ` `1` `]; `
`n ` `=` `len` `(a); `
`k ` `=` `3` `; `
`print` `(minimumCoins(a, n, k)); `
` ` ` ` `# This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar ` |

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`// C# implementation of the approach ` `using` `System; `
` ` `class` `GFG `
`{ ` ` ` `// Function to return the minimum number ` `// of coins that need to be removed ` `static` `int` `minimumCoins(` `int` `[]a, ` `int` `n, ` `int` `k) `
`{ ` ` ` `// To store the coins needed to be removed `
` ` `int` `cnt = 0; `
` ` ` ` `// Minimum value from the array `
` ` `int` `minVal = 1; `
` ` ` ` `// Itereate over the array and remove extra coins `
` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) `
` ` `{ `
` ` `int` `diff = a[i] - minVal; `
` ` ` ` `// If the difference between the current pile and `
` ` `// the minimum coin pile is greater than k `
` ` `if` `(diff > k) `
` ` `{ `
` ` `// Count the extra coins to be removed `
` ` `cnt += (diff - k); `
` ` `} `
` ` `} `
` ` ` ` `// Return the required count `
` ` `return` `cnt; `
`} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `public` `static` `void` `Main (String[] args) `
`{ ` ` ` `int` `[]a = { 1, 5, 1, 2, 5, 1 }; `
` ` `int` `n = a.Length; `
` ` `int` `k = 3; `
` ` `Console.WriteLine(minimumCoins(a, n, k)); `
`} ` `} ` ` ` `/* This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992 */` |

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**Output:**

2

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