Remove Axis Labels and Ticks in ggplot2 Plot in R

• Last Updated : 24 Oct, 2021

In this article, we will discuss how to remove axis labels and ticks in ggplot2 in R Programming Language.

The axes labels and ticks can be removed in ggplot using the theme() method. This method is basically used to modify the non-data components of the made plot. It gives the plot a good graphical customized look. The theme() method is used to work with the labels, ticks, and text of the plot made. The labels and ticks are aligned to the element_blank() method in order to remove them.

Syntax :

`theme(axis.text.x = , axis.ticks.x = , axis.text.y = , axis.ticks.y = )`

Arguments :

• axis.text.x , axis.text.y =  tick labels along axes
• axis.ticks.x, axis.ticks.y  = tick labels along axes

R

 `# creating data frame``col1 = ``c``(1: 10)``col2 = ``c``(11: 20)`` ` `print``(``"X coordinates"``)``print``(col1)`` ` `print``(``"Y coordinates"``)``print``(col2)`` ` `# plotting the data frame``graph < - ``ggplot``(df, ``aes``(x=col1, y=col2)) +``geom_point``()`` ` `# removing axes labels and ticks``graph +``theme``(axis.text.x=``element_blank``(),``      ``axis.ticks.x=``element_blank``(),``      ``axis.text.y=``element_blank``(),``      ``axis.ticks.y=``element_blank``())`` ` `# printing the graph``print``(graph)`

Output

```[1] "X coordinates"
[1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
[1] "Y coordinates"
[1] 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20```

Explanation: The x and y axes markings and tick marks have been removed from the graph by setting them to the element_blank() method.

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