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Remove Axis Labels and Ticks in ggplot2 Plot in R

  • Last Updated : 24 Oct, 2021

In this article, we will discuss how to remove axis labels and ticks in ggplot2 in R Programming Language.

The axes labels and ticks can be removed in ggplot using the theme() method. This method is basically used to modify the non-data components of the made plot. It gives the plot a good graphical customized look. The theme() method is used to work with the labels, ticks, and text of the plot made. The labels and ticks are aligned to the element_blank() method in order to remove them.

Syntax : 

theme(axis.text.x = , axis.ticks.x = , axis.text.y = , axis.ticks.y = )

Arguments : 

  • axis.text.x , axis.text.y =  tick labels along axes
  • axis.ticks.x, axis.ticks.y  = tick labels along axes

R






# creating data frame
col1 = c(1: 10)
col2 = c(11: 20)
  
print("X coordinates")
print(col1)
  
print("Y coordinates")
print(col2)
  
# plotting the data frame
graph < - ggplot(df, aes(x=col1, y=col2)) +
geom_point()
  
# removing axes labels and ticks
graph +
theme(axis.text.x=element_blank(),
      axis.ticks.x=element_blank(),
      axis.text.y=element_blank(),
      axis.ticks.y=element_blank())
  
# printing the graph
print(graph)

Output

[1] "X coordinates"
[1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
[1] "Y coordinates"
[1] 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Explanation: The x and y axes markings and tick marks have been removed from the graph by setting them to the element_blank() method. 

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