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Remove an Element at Specific Index from an Array in Java

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 21 Oct, 2021

Given an array of a fixed length. The task is to remove an element at a specific index from the array.

Examples: 

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Input: arr[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 }, index = 2
Output: arr[] = { 1, 2, 4, 5 }

Input: arr[] = { 4, 5, 9, 8, 1 }, index = 3
Output: arr[] = { 4, 5, 9, 1 }

An array is a data structure that contains a group of elements. Typically these elements are all of the same data type, such as an integer or string. Arrays are commonly used in computer programs to organize data so that a related set of values can be quickly sorted or searched. All the items of the array are stored at contiguous memory locations. 

Approaches

There are numerous approaches to check whether a specific element is present in this Array or not in Java. These are – 



1. Using Another Array (Naive or Basic approach)

The basic approach includes finding the element at the specified index and then removing that element. The rest of the elements are copied into a new array. This would lead to an array of size one less than the original array. Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

Java




// Java program to remove an element
// from a specific index from an array
 
import java.util.Arrays;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to remove the element
    public static int[] removeTheElement(int[] arr, int index)
    {
 
        // If the array is empty
        // or the index is not in array range
        // return the original array
        if (arr == null || index < 0
            || index >= arr.length) {
 
            return arr;
        }
 
        // Create another array of size one less
        int[] anotherArray = new int[arr.length - 1];
 
        // Copy the elements except the index
        // from original array to the other array
        for (int i = 0, k = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
 
            // if the index is
            // the removal element index
            if (i == index) {
                continue;
            }
 
            // if the index is not
            // the removal element index
            anotherArray[k++] = arr[i];
        }
 
        // return the resultant array
        return anotherArray;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Get the array
        int[] arr = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Original Array: "
                           + Arrays.toString(arr));
 
        // Get the specific index
        int index = 2;
 
        // Print the index
        System.out.println("Index to be removed: " + index);
 
        // Remove the element
        arr = removeTheElement(arr, index);
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Resultant Array: "
                           + Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}

 
 

Output
Original Array: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Index to be removed: 2
Resultant Array: [1, 2, 4, 5]

2. Using Java 8 Streams

 

Approach: 

 

  • Get the array and the index.
  • Convert the array into IntStream using IntStream.range() method.
  • Remove the specified index element using the filter() method.
  • Map and form a new array of the filtered elements using map() and toArray() methods.
  • Return the formed array.

 

Below is the implementation of the above approach.



 

Java




// Java program to remove an element
// from a specific index from an array
 
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to remove the element
    public static int[] removeTheElement(int[] arr, int index)
    {
 
        // If the array is empty
        // or the index is not in array range
        // return the original array
        if (arr == null
            || index < 0
            || index >= arr.length) {
 
            return arr;
        }
 
        // return the resultant array
        return IntStream.range(0, arr.length)
            .filter(i -> i != index)
            .map(i -> arr[i])
            .toArray();
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Get the array
        int[] arr = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Original Array: "
                        + Arrays.toString(arr));
 
        // Get the specific index
        int index = 2;
 
        // Print the index
        System.out.println("Index to be removed: "
                        + index);
 
        // Remove the element
        arr = removeTheElement(arr, index);
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Resultant Array: "
                        + Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}
Output
Original Array: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Index to be removed: 2
Resultant Array: [1, 2, 4, 5]

3. Using ArrayList

Approach: 

  • Get the array and the index.
  • Form an ArrayList with the array elements.
  • Remove the specified index element using remove() method.
  • Form a new array of the ArrayList using mapToInt() and toArray() methods.
  • Return the formed array.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

Java




// Java program to remove an element
// from a specific index from an array
 
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to remove the element
    public static int[] removeTheElement(int[] arr, int index)
    {
 
        // If the array is empty
        // or the index is not in array range
        // return the original array
        if (arr == null
            || index < 0
            || index >= arr.length) {
 
            return arr;
        }
 
        // Create ArrayList from the array
        List<Integer> arrayList = IntStream.of(arr)
                                    .boxed()
                                    .collect(Collectors.toList());
 
        // Remove the specified element
        arrayList.remove(index);
 
        // return the resultant array
        return arrayList.stream()
            .mapToInt(Integer::intValue)
            .toArray();
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Get the array
        int[] arr = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Original Array: "
                        + Arrays.toString(arr));
 
        // Get the specific index
        int index = 2;
 
        // Print the index
        System.out.println("Index to be removed: "
                        + index);
 
        // Remove the element
        arr = removeTheElement(arr, index);
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Resultant Array: "
                        + Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}
Output
Original Array: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Index to be removed: 2
Resultant Array: [1, 2, 4, 5]

4. Using System.arraycopy() method

Approach:

  • Get the array and the index.
  • Create a new array of size one less than the size of the original array.
  • Copy the elements from starting till index from the original array to the other array using System.arraycopy().
  • Copy the elements from index + 1 till the end from the original array to the other array using System.arraycopy().
  • Return the formed array.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

Java




// Java program to remove an element
// from a specific index from an array
 
import java.util.Arrays;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to remove the element
    public static int[] removeTheElement(int[] arr, int index)
    {
 
        // If the array is empty
        // or the index is not in array range
        // return the original array
        if (arr == null
            || index < 0
            || index >= arr.length) {
 
            return arr;
        }
 
        // Create another array of size one less
        int[] anotherArray = new int[arr.length - 1];
 
        // Copy the elements from starting till index
        // from original array to the other array
        System.arraycopy(arr, 0, anotherArray, 0, index);
 
        // Copy the elements from index + 1 till end
        // from original array to the other array
        System.arraycopy(arr, index + 1,
                        anotherArray, index,
                        arr.length - index - 1);
 
        // return the resultant array
        return anotherArray;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Get the array
        int[] arr = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Original Array: "
                        + Arrays.toString(arr));
 
        // Get the specific index
        int index = 2;
 
        // Print the index
        System.out.println("Index to be removed: "
                        + index);
 
        // Remove the element
        arr = removeTheElement(arr, index);
 
        // Print the resultant array
        System.out.println("Resultant Array: "
                        + Arrays.toString(arr));
    }
}
Output
Original Array: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Index to be removed: 2
Resultant Array: [1, 2, 4, 5]



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