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RecyclerView as Staggered Grid in Android With Example

  • Last Updated : 17 Nov, 2020

GridView: A ViewGroup that shows the items in a two-dimensional scrolling grid. In Grid View, each grid is of the same size .i.e., the height and width of each grid are equal. It shows symmetric items in the views. 

Grid view

Staggered GridView: This ViewGroup is the extension of Grid View. In this view, the Grid is of varying size .i.e., their height and width may vary. It shows asymmetric items in the views. It automatically sets the item views according to its height and width.

Staggered GridView

In order to use RecyclerView for creating staggering grid views, we need to use StaggeredGridLayoutManager. LayoutManager is responsible for measuring and positioning item views in the RecyclerView and also recycle the item views when they are no longer visible to the user. There are three types of built-in layout managers.



  1. LinearLayoutManager: It is used to show item views in a vertical and horizontal list.
  2. GridLayoutManager: It is used to show item views grid views.
  3. StaggeredLayoutManager: It is used to show item views in staggered views.

We can also create a custom layout manager by RecyclerView.LayoutManager class.

StaggeredGridLayoutManager(int spanCount, int orientation) 

  • Creates staggered grid layout with given parameters
  • The first parameter, spanCount is used to set the number of columns in a vertical orientation or the number of rows in the horizontal orientation
  • The second parameter, orientation is used to set the vertical or horizontal orientation

Staggered Grid with Vertical Orientation

RecyclerView recyclerView = (RecyclerView)findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);

// staggeredGridLayoutManager with 3 columns and vertical orientation

StaggeredGridLayoutManager staggeredGridLayoutManager = new StaggeredGridLayoutManager(3, LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL);

// setting recycler view layout to staggered grid

recyclerView.setLayoutManager(staggeredGridLayoutManager);
 



Staggered Grid with Horizontal Orientation

RecyclerView recyclerView = (RecyclerView)findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);

// staggeredGridLayoutManager with 3 rows and horizontal orientation

StaggeredGridLayoutManager staggeredGridLayoutManager = new StaggeredGridLayoutManager(3, LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL);

// setting recycler view layout to staggered grid

recyclerView.setLayoutManager(staggeredGridLayoutManager);
 

Example

In this example, we would store data into ArrayList which is used for populating RecyclerView. After that we set the layout manager of RecyclerView as a staggered grid view and then, we set the Adapter for RecyclerView to show item views. A sample GIF is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Java language. 

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.



Step 2: Adding dependencies

We are going to use the RecyclerView. So, we need to add the dependency of it. For adding the dependency Go to Gradle Scripts > build.gradle(Module: app) and add the following dependencies. After adding these dependencies you need to click on Sync Now.

dependencies {

  implementation ‘androidx.recyclerview:recyclerview:1.1.0’

}

Before moving further let’s add some color attributes in order to enhance the app bar. Go to app > res > values > colors.xml and add the following color attributes. 

XML




<resources>  
    <color name="colorPrimary">#0F9D58</color>  
    <color name="colorPrimaryDark">#16E37F</color>  
    <color name="colorAccent">#03DAC5</color>  
</resources>

Step 3: Working with the activity_main.xml file

In this step, we will create a RecyclerView layout in the activity_main.xml file. Go to app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the following code snippet. 

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
        android:id="@+id/recyclerView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 4: Create a new layout file list_item.xml for the list items of RecyclerView



Go to the app > res > layout > right-click > New > Layout Resource File and name it as list_item. list_item.xml layout file contains an ImageView which is used for populating the rows of RecyclerView.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout 
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_margin="4dp">
  
    <!--For image src we have used ic_launcher
        it is used only for reference how it will look"-->
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:scaleType="fitXY"
        android:src="@mipmap/ic_launcher" />
      
</RelativeLayout>

Step 5: Creating Adapter class for RecyclerView

Now, we will create an Adapter.java class that will extend the RecyclerView.Adapter with ViewHolder. Go to the app > java > package > right-click and create a new java class and name it as Adapter. In Adapter class we will override the onCreateViewHolder() method which will inflate the list_item.xml layout and pass it to View Holder. Then onBindViewHolder() method where we set data to the Views with the help of View Holder. Below is the code snippet for Adapter.java class.

Java




import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
import java.util.ArrayList;
  
// Extends the Adapter class to RecyclerView.Adapter
// and implement the unimplemented methods
public class Adapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<Adapter.ViewHolder> {
    ArrayList images;
    Context context;
  
    // Constructor for initialization
    public Adapter(Context context, ArrayList images) {
        this.context = context;
        this.images = images;
    }
  
    @NonNull
    @Override
    public Adapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        // Inflating the Layout(Instantiates list_item.xml layout file into View object)
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.list_item, parent, false);
  
        // Passing view to ViewHolder
        Adapter.ViewHolder viewHolder = new Adapter.ViewHolder(view);
        return viewHolder;
    }
  
    // Binding data to the into specified position
    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull Adapter.ViewHolder holder, int position) {
        // TypeCast Object to int type
        int res = (int) images.get(position);
        holder.images.setImageResource(res);
    }
  
    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        // Returns number of items currently available in Adapter
        return images.size();
    }
  
    // Initializing the Views
    public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        ImageView images;
  
        public ViewHolder(View view) {
            super(view);
            images = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.imageView);
        }
    }
}

Step 6: Working with the MainActivity.java file

In MainActivity.java class we create an ArrayList for storing images. These images are placed in the drawable folder(app > res > drawable). You can use any images in place of these. And then we get the reference RecyclerView and set the LayoutManager as StaggeredGridLayoutManager and Adapter, to show items in RecyclerView. Below is the code for the MainActivity.java file.

Java




import android.os.Bundle;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.StaggeredGridLayoutManager;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
      
    RecyclerView recyclerView;
  
    // Using ArrayList to store images data
    ArrayList images = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(R.drawable.img_1, R.drawable.img_2, R.drawable.img_3,
            R.drawable.img_4, R.drawable.img_5, R.drawable.img_6, R.drawable.img_7, R.drawable.img_8,
            R.drawable.img_9, R.drawable.img_10));
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // Getting reference of recyclerView
        recyclerView = (RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);
  
        // Setting the layout as Staggered Grid for vertical orientation
        StaggeredGridLayoutManager staggeredGridLayoutManager = new StaggeredGridLayoutManager(2, LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL);
        recyclerView.setLayoutManager(staggeredGridLayoutManager);
  
        // Sending reference and data to Adapter
        Adapter adapter = new Adapter(MainActivity.this, images);
  
        // Setting Adapter to RecyclerView
        recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);
    }
}

Output: Run on Emulator

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