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Rearrange all elements of array which are multiples of x in increasing order

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 23 May, 2022

Given an array of integers ‘arr’ and a number x, the task is to sort all the elements which are multiples of x of the array in ascending order in their relative positions i.e. other positions of the other elements must not be affected.

Examples

Input: arr[] = {10, 5, 8, 2, 15}, x = 5 
Output: 5 10 8 2 15 
We rearrange all multiples of 5 in increasing order, keeping other elements same.

Input: arr[] = {100, 12, 25, 50, 5}, x = 5 
Output: 5 12 25 50 100

Approach:  

  1. Traverse the array and check if the number is multiple of x. If it is, store it in a vector.
  2. Then, sort the vector in ascending order.
  3. Again traverse the array and replace the elements which are multiples of 5 with the vector elements one by one.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:  

C++




// C++ implementation of the approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to sort all the
// multiples of x from the
// array in ascending order
void sortMultiples(int arr[], int n, int x)
{
    vector<int> v;
 
    // Insert all multiples of 5 to a vector
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        if (arr[i] % x == 0)
            v.push_back(arr[i]);
 
    // Sort the vector
    sort(v.begin(), v.end());
 
    int j = 0;
 
    // update the array elements
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (arr[i] % x == 0)
            arr[i] = v[j++];
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 125, 3, 15, 6, 100, 5 };
    int x = 5; 
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    sortMultiples(arr, n, x);
 
    // Print the result
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        cout << arr[i] << " ";
    }
 
    return 0;
}

Java




import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Vector;
 
// Java implementation of the approach
class GFG {
 
// Function to sort all the
// multiples of x from the
// array in ascending order
    static void sortMultiples(int arr[], int n, int x) {
        Vector<Integer> v = new Vector<Integer>();
 
        // Insert all multiples of 5 to a vector
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            if (arr[i] % x == 0) {
                v.add(arr[i]);
            }
        }
 
        // Sort the vector
        Collections.sort(v);
        //sort(v.begin(), v.end());
 
        int j = 0;
 
        // update the array elements
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            if (arr[i] % x == 0) {
                arr[i] = v.get(j++);
            }
        }
    }
 
// Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int arr[] = {125, 3, 15, 6, 100, 5};
        int x = 5;
        int n = arr.length;
 
        sortMultiples(arr, n, x);
 
        // Print the result
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            System.out.print(arr[i]+" ");
        }
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

Python3




# Python 3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to sort all the multiples of x
# from the array in ascending order
def sortMultiples(arr, n, x):
    v = []
 
    # Insert all multiples of 5 to a vector
    for i in range(0, n, 1):
        if (arr[i] % x == 0):
            v.append(arr[i])
 
    # Sort the vector
    v.sort(reverse=False)
 
    j = 0
 
    # update the array elements
    for i in range(0, n, 1):
        if (arr[i] % x == 0):
            arr[i] = v[j]
            j += 1
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    arr = [ 125, 3, 15, 6, 100, 5]
    x = 5
    n = len(arr)
 
    sortMultiples(arr, n, x)
 
    # Print the result
    for i in range(0, n, 1):
        print(arr[i], end = " ")
 
# This code is contributed by
# Surendra _Gangwar

C#




// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG
{
    // Function to sort all the
    // multiples of x from the
    // array in ascending order
    static void sortMultiples(int []arr,
                            int n, int x)
    {
        List<int> v = new List<int>();
        int i;
         
        // Insert all multiples of 5 to a vector
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        if (arr[i] % x == 0)
            v.Add(arr[i]);
             
        // Sort the vector
        v.Sort();
        int j = 0;
 
        // update the array elements
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            if (arr[i] % x == 0)
                arr[i] = v[j++];
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
        int []arr = {125, 3, 15, 6, 100, 5};
        int x = 5;
        int n = arr.Length;
        sortMultiples(arr, n, x);
     
        // Print the result
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(arr[i] + " ");
        }
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by
// Shivi_Aggarwal

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript implementation of the approach
 
// Function to sort all the
// multiples of x from the
// array in ascending order
function sortMultiples(arr, n, x)
{
    var v = [];
     
    // Insert all multiples of 5 to a vector
    for(var i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (arr[i] % x == 0)
        {
            v.push(arr[i]);
        }
    }
     
    // Sort the vector
    v.sort((a, b) => a - b);
     
    var j = 0;
     
    // update the array elements
    for(var i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (arr[i] % x == 0)
            arr[i] = v[j++];
    }
}
 
// Driver code
var arr = [ 125, 3, 15, 6, 100, 5 ];
var x = 5;
var n = arr.length;
 
sortMultiples(arr, n, x);
 
// Print the result
for(var i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
    document.write(arr[i] + "  ");
}
 
// This code is contributed by rdtank
 
</script>

Output: 

5 3 15 6 100 125

 

Time Complexity: O(N*logN), as we are using inbuilt sort function which cost the afore mentioned time.

Auxiliary Space: O(N), as we are using extra space for array/vector v.


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