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ReactJS UI Ant Design Dropdown Component

  • Last Updated : 01 Jun, 2021

Ant Design Library has this component pre-built, and it is very easy to integrate as well. Dropdown Component is used to provide a dropdown list, and it is used when the user has more than a few options to choose from. We can use the following approach in ReactJS to use the Ant Design Dropdown Component.

Dropdown Props:

  • arrow: It is used to indicate whether the dropdown arrow should be visible or not.
  • disabled: It is used to indicate whether the dropdown menu is disabled or not.
  • getPopupContainer: It is used to set the container of the dropdown menu.
  • overlay: It is the dropdown menu.
  • overlayClassName: It is used to pass the class name of the dropdown root element.
  • overlayStyle: It is used for the style of the dropdown root element.
  • placement: It is used for the placement of the popup menu.
  • trigger: It is the trigger mode that executes the dropdown action.
  • visible: It is used to indicate whether the dropdown menu is currently visible or not.
  • onVisibleChange: It is a callback function that is called when the visible state is changed.

Dropdown.Button Props:

  • buttonsRender: It is used for the custom buttons inside Dropdown.Button.
  • disabled: It is used to indicate whether the dropdown menu is disabled or not
  • icon: It is used to pass the Icon which appears on the right.
  • overlay: It is the dropdown menu.
  • placement: It is used for the placement of the popup menu.
  • size: It is used to denote the size of the button.
  • trigger: It is the trigger mode that executes the dropdown action.
  • type: It is used to denote the type of the button.
  • visible: It is used to indicate whether the dropdown menu is currently or not.
  • onClick: It is a callback function that is called when you click the button on the left.
  • onVisibleChange: It is a callback function that is called when the visible state is changed.

Creating React Application And Installing Module:

  • Step 1: Create a React application using the following command:



    npx create-react-app foldername
  • Step 2: After creating your project folder i.e. foldername, move to it using the following command:

    cd foldername
  • Step 3: After creating the ReactJS application, Install the required module using the following command:

    npm install antd

Project Structure: It will look like the following.

Project Structure

Example: Now write down the following code in the App.js file. Here, App is our default component where we have written our code.

App.js




import React from 'react'
import "antd/dist/antd.css";
import { Menu, Dropdown } from 'antd';
  
export default function App() {
  
  return (
    <div style={{
      display: 'block', width: 700, padding: 30
    }}>
      <h4>ReactJS Ant-Design Dropdown Component</h4>
      <>
        <Dropdown
          overlay={(
            <Menu>
              <Menu.Item key="0">
                Menu Item One
              </Menu.Item>
              <Menu.Item key="1">
              Menu Item Two
              </Menu.Item>
              <Menu.Item key="1">
              Menu Item Three
              </Menu.Item>
            </Menu>
          )}
          trigger={['click']}>
          <a className="ant-dropdown-link" 
             onClick={e => e.preventDefault()}>
            Open Dropdown
          </a>
        </Dropdown>
      </>
    </div>
  );
}

Step to Run Application: Run the application using the following command from the root directory of the project:

npm start

Output: Now open your browser and go to http://localhost:3000/, you will see the following output:

Reference: https://ant.design/components/dropdown/




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