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random.paretovariate() function in Python

  • Last Updated : 26 May, 2020

random module is used to generate random numbers in Python. Not actually random, rather this is used to generate pseudo-random numbers. That implies that these randomly generated numbers can be determined.

random.paretovariate()

paretovariate() is an inbuilt method of the random module. It is used to return a random floating point number with Pareto distribution.

Syntax : random.paretovariate(alpha)

Parameter :
alpha : shape parameter

Returns : a random Pareto distribution floating number

Example 1:




# import the random module
import random
  
# determining the values of the parameter
alpha = 3
  
# using the paretovariate() method
print(random.paretovariate(alpha))

Output :

1.0333528834896462

Example 2: We can generate the number multiple times and plot a graph to observe the Pareto distribution.




# import the required libraries 
import random 
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt 
    
# store the random numbers in a  
# list 
nums = [] 
alpha = 3
    
for i in range(100): 
    temp = random.paretovariate(alpha)
    nums.append(temp) 
        
# plotting a graph 
plt.plot(nums) 
plt.show()

Output :

Example 3: We can create a histogram to observe the density of the Pareto distribution.




# import the required libraries 
import random 
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt 
    
# store the random numbers in a list 
nums = [] 
alpha = 3
    
for i in range(10000): 
    temp = random.paretovariate(alpha) 
    nums.append(temp) 
        
# plotting a graph 
plt.hist(nums, bins = 200
plt.show()

Output :


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