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# Radii of the three tangent circles of equal radius which are inscribed within a circle of given radius

Given here is a circle of a given radius. Inside it, three tangent circles of equal radius are inscribed. The task is to find the radii of these tangent circles.

Examples:

Input: R = 4
Output: 1.858

Input: R = 11
Output: 5.1095

Approach

Let the radii of the tangent circles be r, and the radius of the circumscribing circle
is R.x is the smaller distance from the circumference of the tangent circle and the center of the circumscribing circle.

From the diagram, it is very clear,
2r + x = R

• now in triangle OBC
cos 30 = r/(r+x)
rcos30 + xcos30 = r
x = r(1-cos30)/cos30
• also, x = R-2r
• So,
R-2r = r(1-cos30)/cos30
R-2r = 0.133r/0.867
R-2r = 0.153r
R = 2.153r
so, r = 0.4645R

Radii of three tangent circles = 0.4645*radius of the circumscribed circle

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to find the radii``// of the three tangent circles``// of equal radius when the radius``// of the circumscribed circle is given` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `void` `threetangcircle(``int` `R)``{``    ``cout << ``"The radii of the tangent circles is "``         ``<< 0.4645 * R << endl;``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `R = 4;``    ``threetangcircle(R);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to find the radii``// of the three tangent circles``// of equal radius when the radius``// of the circumscribed circle is given``import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG {` `    ``static` `void` `threetangcircle(``int` `R)``    ``{``        ``System.out.print(``            ``"The radii of the tangent circles is "``            ``+ ``0.4645` `* R);``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``int` `R = ``4``;``        ``threetangcircle(R);``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by anuj_67..`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to find the radii``# of the three tangent circles``# of equal radius when the radius``# of the circumscribed circle is given`  `def` `threetangcircle(R):``    ``print``(``"The radii of the tangent"``,``          ``"circles is "``, end``=``"")``    ``print``(``0.4645` `*` `R)`  `# Driver code``R ``=` `4``threetangcircle(R)` `# This code is contributed``# by Princi Singh`

## C#

 `// C# program to find the radii``// of the three tangent circles``// of equal radius when the radius``// of the circumscribed circle is given``using` `System;` `class` `GFG {` `    ``static` `void` `threetangcircle(``int` `R)``    ``{``        ``Console.WriteLine(``            ``"The radii of the tangent circles is "``            ``+ 0.4645 * R);``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main()``    ``{``        ``int` `R = 4;``        ``threetangcircle(R);``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by anuj_67..`

## Javascript

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## PHP

 ``

Output

```The radii of the tangent circles is 1.858
```

Time Complexity: O(1)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)