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Quartet Class in JavaTuples

  • Last Updated : 03 Aug, 2021

A Quartet is a Tuple from JavaTuples library that deals with 4 elements. Since this Quartet is a generic class, it can hold any type of value in it.

Since Quartet is a Tuple, hence it also has all the characteristics of JavaTuples: 

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  • They are Typesafe
  • They are Immutable
  • They are Iterable
  • They are Serializable
  • They are Comparable (implements Comparable<Tuple>)
  • They implement equals() and hashCode()
  • They also implement toString()

Class Declaration

public final class Quartet<A, B, C, D> extends Tuple
implements IValue0<A>, IValue1<B>, IValue2<C>, IValue3<D> 

Class hierarchy 

Object
  ↳ org.javatuples.Tuple
      ↳ org.javatuples.Quartet<A, B, C, D>

Creating Quartet Tuple

  • From Constructor:
    Syntax
Quartet<A, B, C, D> quartet = 
    new Quartet<A, B, C, D>
        (value1, value2, value3, value4);
  • Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to create
// a Quartet tuple from Constructor
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1),
                           "GeeksforGeeks",
                           "A computer portal",
                           Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        System.out.println(quartet);
    }
}

Output: 



[1, GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal, 20.18]
  • Using with() method: The with() method is a function provided by the JavaTuples library, to instantiate the object with such values.
    Syntax
Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    Quartet.with(value1, value2, value3, value4);
  • Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to create
// a Quartet tuple from with() method
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1),
                           "GeeksforGeeks",
                           "A computer portal",
                           Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        System.out.println(quartet);
    }
}

Output: 

[1, GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal, 20.18]
  • From other collections: The fromCollection() method is used to create a Tuple from a collection, and fromArray() method is used to create from an array. The collection/array must have the same type as of the Tuple and the number of values in the collection/array must match the Tuple class.
    Syntax
Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    Quartet.fromCollection(collectionWith_2_value);

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    Quartet.fromArray(arrayWith_2_value);
  • Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to create
// a Quartet tuple from Collection
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating Quartet from List
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
        list.add("GeeksforGeeks");
        list.add("A computer portal");
        list.add("for geeks");
        list.add("by Sandeep Jain");
 
        Quartet<Strin, String, String, String> quartet
            = Quartet.fromCollection(list);
 
        // Creating Quartet from Array
        String[] arr = { "GeeksforGeeks",
                         "A computer portal",
                         "for geeks",
                         "by Sandeep Jain" };
 
        Quartet<String, String, String, String> otherQuartet
            = Quartet.fromArray(arr);
 
        System.out.println(quartet);
        System.out.println(otherQuartet);
    }
}

Output: 

[GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal, for geeks, by Sandeep Jain]
[GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal, for geeks, by Sandeep Jain]

Getting Value

The getValueX() method can be used to fetch the value in a Tuple at index X. The indexing in Tuples starts with 0. Hence the value at index X represents the value at position X+1.

Syntax:  

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    new Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4>(value1, value2, value3, value4);

type1 val1 = quartet.getValue0();

Example

Java






// Below is a Java program to get
// a Quartet value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1),
                           "GeeksforGeeks",
                           "A computer portal",
                           Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        System.out.println(quartet.getValue0());
        System.out.println(quartet.getValue2());
    }
}

Output: 

1
A computer portal

Setting Quartet Value

Since the Tuples are immutable, it means that modifying a value at any index is not possible. Hence, JavaTuples offer setAtX(value) which creates a copy of the Tuple with a new value at index X, and returns that Tuple.

Syntax:  

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    new Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4>
                (value1, value2, value3, value4);

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> 
    otherQuartet = quartet.setAtX(value);

Example

Java




// Below is a Java program to set
// a Quartet value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1), "GeeksforGeeks",
                   "A computer portal", Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> otherQuartet
            = quartet.setAt3(2.018);
 
        System.out.println(otherQuartet);
    }
}

Output: 

[1, GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal, 2.018] 

Adding a Value

Adding a value can be done with the help of addAtX() method, where X represent the index at which the value is to be added. This method returns a Tuple of element one more than the called Tuple.

Syntax

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    new Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4>
        (value1, value2, value3, value4);

Quintet<type 1, type 2, type 3, type 4, type 5> quintet = 
    quartet.addAtx(value);

Example:  

Java






// Below is a Java program to add
// a value
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
import org.javatuples.Quintet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1),
                           "GeeksforGeeks",
                           "A computer portal",
                           Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        Quintet<Integer, String, String, Double, Boolean> quintet
            = quartet.addAt4(true);
 
        System.out.println(quintet);
    }
}

Output: 

[1, GeeksforGeeks, A computer portal, for geeks, 20.18, true] 

Searching in Quartet

An element can be searched in a tuple with the pre-defined method contains(). It returns a boolean value whether the value is present or not.

Syntax

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    new Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4>(value1, value2, value3, value4);

boolean res = quartet.contains(value2);

Example:  

Java




// Below is a Java program to search
// a value in a Quartet
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1),
                           "GeeksforGeeks",
                           "A computer portal",
                           Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        boolean exist = quartet.contains(20.18);
        boolean exist1 = quartet.contains(4);
 
        System.out.println(exist);
        System.out.println(exist1);
    }
}

Output: 

true
false 

Iterating through Quartet

Since Quartet implement the Iterable<Object> interface. It means that they can be iterated in the same way as collections or arrays.

Syntax:  

Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4> quartet = 
    new Quartet<type1, type2, type3, type4>
            (value1, value2, value3, value4);

for (Object item : quartet) {
        ...
}

Example:  

Java




// Below is a Java program to iterate
// a Quartet
 
import java.util.*;
import org.javatuples.Quartet;
 
class GfG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Quartet<Integer, String, String, Double> quartet
            = Quartet.with(Integer.valueOf(1),
                           "GeeksforGeeks",
                           "A computer portal",
                           Double.valueOf(20.18));
 
        for (Object item : quartet)
            System.out.println(item);
    }
}

Output: 

1
GeeksforGeeks
A computer portal
20.18

 




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