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Python3 Program to Move all zeroes to end of array

  • Last Updated : 23 Dec, 2021

Given an array of random numbers, Push all the zero’s of a given array to the end of the array. For example, if the given arrays is {1, 9, 8, 4, 0, 0, 2, 7, 0, 6, 0}, it should be changed to {1, 9, 8, 4, 2, 7, 6, 0, 0, 0, 0}. The order of all other elements should be same. Expected time complexity is O(n) and extra space is O(1).
Example: 
 

Input :  arr[] = {1, 2, 0, 4, 3, 0, 5, 0};
Output : arr[] = {1, 2, 4, 3, 5, 0, 0};

Input : arr[]  = {1, 2, 0, 0, 0, 3, 6};
Output : arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 6, 0, 0, 0};

 

There can be many ways to solve this problem. Following is a simple and interesting way to solve this problem. 
Traverse the given array ‘arr’ from left to right. While traversing, maintain count of non-zero elements in array. Let the count be ‘count’. For every non-zero element arr[i], put the element at ‘arr[count]’ and increment ‘count’. After complete traversal, all non-zero elements have already been shifted to front end and ‘count’ is set as index of first 0. Now all we need to do is that run a loop which makes all elements zero from ‘count’ till end of the array.
Below is the implementation of the above approach. 
 

Python3




# Python3 code to move all zeroes
# at the end of array
  
# Function which pushes all
# zeros to end of an array.
def pushZerosToEnd(arr, n):
    count = 0 # Count of non-zero elements
      
    # Traverse the array. If element 
    # encountered is non-zero, then
    # replace the element at index
    # 'count' with this element
    for i in range(n):
        if arr[i] != 0:
              
            # here count is incremented
            arr[count] = arr[i]
            count+=1
      
    # Now all non-zero elements have been
    # shifted to front and 'count' is set
    # as index of first 0. Make all 
    # elements 0 from count to end.
    while count < n:
        arr[count] = 0
        count += 1
          
# Driver code
arr = [1, 9, 8, 4, 0, 0, 2, 7, 0, 6, 0, 9]
n = len(arr)
pushZerosToEnd(arr, n)
print("Array after pushing all zeros to end of array:")
print(arr)
  
# This code is contributed by "Abhishek Sharma 44"

Output: 
 

Array after pushing all zeros to end of array :
1 9 8 4 2 7 6 9 0 0 0 0

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is number of elements in input array.
Auxiliary Space: O(1)
 

Please refer complete article on Move all zeroes to end of array for more details!


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