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Python3 Program for Check if an array is sorted and rotated

  • Last Updated : 24 Jan, 2022

Given an array of N distinct integers. The task is to write a program to check if this array is sorted and rotated counter-clockwise. A sorted array is not considered as sorted and rotated, i.e., there should at least one rotation.
Examples
 

Input : arr[] = { 3, 4, 5, 1, 2 }
Output : YES
The above array is sorted and rotated.
Sorted array: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}. 
Rotating this sorted array clockwise 
by 3 positions, we get: { 3, 4, 5, 1, 2}

Input: arr[] = {7, 9, 11, 12, 5}
Output: YES

Input: arr[] = {1, 2, 3}
Output: NO

Input: arr[] = {3, 4, 6, 1, 2, 5}
Output: NO

Approach
 

  • Find the minimum element in the array.
  • Now, if the array is sorted and then rotate all the elements before the minimum element will be in increasing order and all elements after the minimum element will also be in increasing order.
  • Check if all elements before minimum element are in increasing order.
  • Check if all elements after minimum element are in increasing order.
  • Check if the last element of the array is smaller than the starting element.
  • If all of the above three conditions satisfies then print YES otherwise print NO.

Below is the implementation of the above idea: 
 

Python3




# Python3 program to check if an
# array is sorted and rotated clockwise
import sys
  
# Function to check if an array is
# sorted and rotated clockwise
  
  
def checkIfSortRotated(arr, n):
    minEle = sys.maxsize
    maxEle = -sys.maxsize - 1
    minIndex = -1
  
    # Find the minimum element
    # and it's index
    for i in range(n):
        if arr[i] < minEle:
            minEle = arr[i]
            minIndex = i
    flag1 = 1
  
    # Check if all elements before
    # minIndex are in increasing order
    for i in range(1, minIndex):
        if arr[i] < arr[i - 1]:
            flag1 = 0
            break
    flag2 = 2
  
    # Check if all elements after
    # minIndex are in increasing order
    for i in range(minIndex + 1, n):
        if arr[i] < arr[i - 1]:
            flag2 = 0
            break
  
    # Check if last element of the array
    # is smaller than the element just
    # before the element at minIndex
    # starting element of the array
    # for arrays like [3,4,6,1,2,5] - not sorted circular array
    if (flag1 and flag2 and
            arr[n - 1] < arr[0]):
        print("YES")
    else:
        print("NO")
  
  
# Driver code
arr = [3, 4, 5, 1, 2]
n = len(arr)
  
# Function Call
checkIfSortRotated(arr, n)
  
# This code is contributed
# by Shrikant13
Output
YES

Please refer complete article on Check if an array is sorted and rotated for more details!


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