Python vs Scala
Python is a high level, interpreted and general purpose dynamic programming language that focuses on code readability. Python requires less typing, provides new libraries, fast prototyping, and several other new features.
Scala is a high level language.it is a purely object-oriented programming language. The source code of the Scala is designed in such a way that its compiler can interpret the Java classes.
Below are some major differences between Python and Scala:
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|Python is a dynamically typed language.||Scala is a statically typed language.|
|We don’t need to specify objects in Python because it is a dynamically typed Object Oriented Programming language.||We need to specify the type of variables and objects in Scala because Scala is statically typed Object Oriented Programming language.|
|Python is easy to learn and use.||Scala is less difficult to learn than Python.|
|An extra work is created for the interpreter at the runtime.||No extra work is created in Scala and thus it is 10 times faster than Python.|
|The data types are decided by it during runtime.||This is not the case in Scala that is why while dealing with large data process, Scala should be considered instead of Python|
|Python’s Community is huge compared to Scala.||Scala also has good community support. But still, it is lesser than Python.|
|Python supports heavyweight process forking and doesn’t support proper multithreading.||Scala has reactive cores and a list of asynchronous libraries and hence Scala is a better choice for implementing concurrency.|
|Its methodologies are much complex in Python as it is dynamic programming language.||Testing is much better in scala because it is a statically typed language.|
|It is popular because of its English-like syntax.||For scalable and concurrent systems, Scala play much bigger.|
|Python is easy for the developers to write code in it.||Scala is less difficult to learn than Python and it is difficult to write code in Scala.|
|There is an interface in Python to many OS system calls and libraries. It has many interpreters||It is basically a compiled language and all source codes are compiled before execution|
|Python language is highly prone to bugs whenever there is any change to the existing code.||No such problem is seen in Scala.|
|Python has libraries for Machine learning and proper data science tools and Natural Language Processing (NLP).||Where as Scala has no such tools.|
|Python can be used for small-scale projects.||Scala can be used for large-scale projects.|
|It doesn’t provide scalable feature support.||It provides scalable feature support.|