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Python vs Other Programming Languages

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Python is a general-purpose, high level programming language developed by Guido van Rossum in 1991. It was structured with an accentuation on code comprehensibility, and its syntax allows programmers to express their concepts in fewer lines of code which makes it the fastest-growing programming language in current times.


Features of Python

  • Easy to code: Python is a high level programming language as it is easy to comprehend as compared to other language like c, c#, Java script, Java and so forth, one can effortlessly learn and code in python barely in hours. Additionally, it is also a developer-friendly language.
  • Platform Independent: Python programs can be developed and executed on numerous operating system framework. Python can be used on Linux, Windows, Macintosh, Solaris and some others.
  • Object-Oriented Language: Python bolsters object oriented language and concepts of classes, objects encapsulation etc.
  • Free and Open Source: Python language is freely available at the official website. Since, it is open-source, available to the public. So one can download it, use it as well as share it.
  • GUI Programming Support: Graphical Users interfaces can be made using a module such as PyQt5, PyQt4, wxPython or Tk in python.
  • High-level Language: Python is a high-level language. When one develops programs in python, he/she didn’t need to memorize the system architecture or to manage the memory.
  • Portable language: Python is a portable language, for instance, on the off chance that the code written in python for windows can also run on different other platforms such as Linux, Unix and Mac etc.
  • Integrated and Interpreted Language: Python is an Interpreted Language, since python code is executed line by line at a time. Python is additionally an Integrated language since one can without much of a stretch, can integrate python with another language like C, C++ and so on.

Example of Python:

print('My first Python program')

Output :

My first Python program

Differences between Python and Other Programming Languages

Python vs Ruby :

  • Python is explicit and easy to read while Ruby can be hard to debug at times.
  • Python-based apps are YouTube, Instagram, Bit torrent, etc., whereas Ruby based apps are Twitter, Github, etc.
  • Python has a web framework called Django whereas Ruby has a Web framework called Ruby on Rails.
  • Python enjoys much higher adoption rates among developers than Ruby.
  • Usage of modules and better namespace handling are present in Python, whereas the usage of blocks are present in Ruby.

Example of Ruby:

puts "GEEKSFORGEEKS \n My first Ruby program"

Output :

My first Ruby program

Python vs Golang :

  • Python is a high-level programming language based on object-oriented programming whereas Golang is a procedural programming language based on concurrent programming.
  • Python bolsters exceptions whereas Golang doesn’t support exemptions. Instead of exception Golang has error.
  • Python is a dynamically typed language, it uses interpreter whereas Go is a statically typed language. So, it uses compiler.
  • Python supports inheritance whereas Golang does not support inheritance.
  • Python is good for data analysis and computing, whereas Golang is useful for system programming.

Example of Golang:

package main  
import "fmt"
func main() {
     fmt.Println("My first Golang program") 


My first Golang program 

Python vs PHP :

  • Python is an object-oriented scripting language, whereas PHP is a server-side scripting language.
  • Python is a general-purpose full-stack programming language, whereas PHP is extensively utilized for web development..
  • In Python functional programming techniques are possible, whereas functional programming is not provided in PHP..
  • The maintainability and change procurement of Python is good whereas PHP is not much maintainable.
  • In Python, there is proper provision for exception handling whereas PHP doesn’t support exception appropriately..

Example of PHP:

echo "Welcome to GeeksforGeeks\n"; 
echo "My first php program";


Welcome to GeeksforGeeks
My First php Program

Python vs Node.js :

  • Python is an object-oriented, high level, dynamic and multipurpose programming language whereas Node.js is a server-side platform built on Google Chrome Javascript Engine.
  • Python is appropriate for back-end applications, numerical computations and AI, whereas Node.js is better for web applications and website development.
  • Python uses PyPy as an interpreter, whereas Node.js utilize javascript as interpreter.
  • Python underpins generators which makes it a lot less complex though Node.js bolsters callback. Its programming is based on the event/ callback that makes it process faster.
  • The greatest bit of leeway of utilizing Python is that developers need to compose less lines of code while Node.js is unadulterated JavaScript, which is little slow.

Example of Node.js:

console.log(typeof a);  
a = "My first Node.js program"; 
console.log(typeof a);


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Last Updated : 29 Nov, 2022
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