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Python String | split()

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 09 Sep, 2022
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Python String split() method in Python split a string into a list of strings after breaking the given string by the specified separator.

Python String split() Method Syntax

Syntax : str.split(separator, maxsplit)

Parameters :

  • separator : This is a delimiter. The string splits at this specified separator. If is not provided then any white space is a separator.
  • maxsplit : It is a number, which tells us to split the string into maximum of provided number of times. If it is not provided then the default is -1 that means there is no limit.

Returns : Returns a list of strings after breaking the given string by the specified separator.

Python String split() Method Example

Python3




string = "one,two,three"
words = string.split(',')
print(words)

Output:

['one', 'two', 'three']

Example 1: Example to demonstrate how split() function works

Here we are using the Python String split() function to split different Strings into a list, separated by different characters in each case.

Python3




text = 'geeks for geeks'
 
# Splits at space
print(text.split())
 
word = 'geeks, for, geeks'
 
# Splits at ','
print(word.split(','))
 
word = 'geeks:for:geeks'
 
# Splitting at ':'
print(word.split(':'))
 
word = 'CatBatSatFatOr'
 
# Splitting at t
print(word.split('t'))

Output :

['geeks', 'for', 'geeks']
['geeks', ' for', ' geeks']
['geeks', 'for', 'geeks']
['Ca', 'Ba', 'Sa', 'Fa', 'Or']

Python-Foundation-Course Example 2: Example to demonstrate how split() function works when maxsplit is specified

The maxsplit parameter is used to control how many splits to return after the string is parsed. Even if there are multiple splits possible, it’ll only do maximum that number of splits as defined by maxsplit parameter.

Python3




word = 'geeks, for, geeks, pawan'
 
# maxsplit: 0
print(word.split(', ', 0))
 
# maxsplit: 4
print(word.split(', ', 4))
 
# maxsplit: 1
print(word.split(', ', 1))

Output :

['geeks, for, geeks, pawan']
['geeks', 'for', 'geeks', 'pawan']
['geeks', 'for, geeks, pawan']

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