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Python SQLite – ORDER BY Clause

  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2021

In this article, we will discuss ORDER BY clause in SQLite using Python. The ORDER BY statement is a SQL statement that is used to sort the data in either ascending or descending according to one or more columns. By default, ORDER BY sorts the data in ascending order.

  • DESC is used to sort the data in descending order.
  • ASC to sort in ascending order.

Syntax: SELECT column1,column2,., column n  FROM table_name ORDER BY column_name ASC|DESC;

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First, let’s create a database.



Python3




# importing sqlite module
import sqlite3
  
# create connection to the database 
# geeks_database
connection = sqlite3.connect('geeks_database.db')
  
# create table named address of customers 
# with 4 columns id,name age and address
connection.execute('''CREATE TABLE customer_address
         (ID INT PRIMARY KEY     NOT NULL,
         NAME           TEXT    NOT NULL,
         AGE            INT     NOT NULL,
         ADDRESS        CHAR(50)); ''')
  
# close the connection
connection.close()

Output:

Now, Insert 5 records into the customer_address table.

Python3




# importing sqlite module
import sqlite3
  
# create connection to the database 
# geeks_database
connection = sqlite3.connect('geeks_database.db')
  
# insert records into table
connection.execute(
    "INSERT INTO customer_address VALUES (1, 'nikhil teja', 22, 'hyderabad' )")
connection.execute(
    "INSERT INTO customer_address VALUES (2, 'karthik', 25, 'khammam')")
connection.execute(
    "INSERT INTO customer_address VALUES (3, 'sravan', 22, 'ponnur' )")
connection.execute(
    "INSERT INTO customer_address VALUES (4, 'deepika', 25, 'chebrolu' )")
connection.execute(
    "INSERT INTO customer_address VALUES (5, 'jyothika', 22, 'noida')")
  
# close the connection
connection.close()

Output:

After creating the database and adding data to it let’s see the use of order by clause.



Example 1: Display all details from the table in ascending order(default) based on address.

Python3




# importing sqlite module
import sqlite3
  
# create connection to the database
# geeks_database
connection = sqlite3.connect('geeks_database.db')
  
# sql query to display all details from 
# table in ascending order based on address.
cursor = connection.execute(
    "SELECT ADDRESS,ID from customer_address ORDER BY address DESC")
  
# display data row by row
for i in cursor:
    print(i)
  
# close the connection
connection.close()

Output:

Example 2: Display address and id based on the address in descending order.

Python3




# importing sqlite module
import sqlite3
  
# create connection to the database 
# geeks_database
connection = sqlite3.connect('geeks_database.db')
  
# sql query to display address and id
# based on address in descending order
cursor = connection.execute(
    "SELECT ADDRESS,ID from customer_address ORDER BY address DESC")
  
# display data row by row
for i in cursor:
    print(i)
  
# close the connection
connection.close()

Output:

Example 3: Display name and id based on name in descending order

Python3




# importing sqlite module
import sqlite3
  
# create connection to the database 
# geeks_database
connection = sqlite3.connect('geeks_database.db')
  
# sql query to display name and id based
# on name in descending order
cursor = connection.execute(
    "SELECT NAME,ID from customer_address ORDER BY NAME DESC")
  
# display data row by row
for i in cursor:
    print(i)
  
# close the connection
connection.close()

Output:




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