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Python – Sort list of Single Item dictionaries according to custom ordering

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  • Last Updated : 01 Aug, 2020

Given single item dictionaries list and keys ordering list, perform sort of dictionary according to custom keys.

Input : test_list1 = [{‘is’ : 4}, {“Gfg” : 10}, {“Best” : 1}], test_list2 = [“Gfg”, “is”, “Best”]
Output : [{‘Gfg’: 10}, {‘is’: 4}, {‘Best’: 1}]
Explanation : By list ordering, dictionaries list get sorted.

Input : test_list1 = [{“Gfg” : 10}, {‘is’ : 4}, {“Best” : 1}], test_list2 = [“Gfg”, “is”, “Best”]
Output : [{‘Gfg’: 10}, {‘is’: 4}, {‘Best’: 1}]
Explanation : Already ordered. No reordering required.

Method #1 : Using sorted() + index() + keys() + lambda 

The combination of above functionalities can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform sort using sorted(), index() is used to get ordering from custom list, keys() used to extract the keys from dictionary.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Sort list of Single Item dictionaries according to custom ordering
# Using sorted() + index() + keys() + lambda 
  
# initializing lists
test_list1 = [{'is' : 4}, {'for' : 7}, {"Gfg" : 10}, {"Best" : 1}, {"CS" : 8}] 
test_list2 = ["Gfg", "is", "Best", "for", "CS"]
  
# printing original lists
print("The original list 1 is : " + str(test_list1))
print("The original list 2 is : " + str(test_list2))
  
# sorted() used to perform sort(), returns the result
# to other variable, ordering handled using index() from order list
res = sorted(test_list1, key = lambda ele: test_list2.index(list(ele.keys())[0]))
  
# printing result 
print("The custom order list : " + str(res)) 

Output

The original list 1 is : [{‘is’: 4}, {‘for’: 7}, {‘Gfg’: 10}, {‘Best’: 1}, {‘CS’: 8}]
The original list 2 is : [‘Gfg’, ‘is’, ‘Best’, ‘for’, ‘CS’]
The custom order list : [{‘Gfg’: 10}, {‘is’: 4}, {‘Best’: 1}, {‘for’: 7}, {‘CS’: 8}]

Method #2 : Using sort() + index() + keys() + lambda

This is yet another way in which this task can be performed. In this, we perform the task of sorting using sort(), performs inplace sorting, other constructs remain same.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Sort list of Single Item dictionaries according to custom ordering
# Using sort() + index() + keys() + lambda
  
# initializing lists
test_list1 = [{'is' : 4}, {'for' : 7}, {"Gfg" : 10}, {"Best" : 1}, {"CS" : 8}] 
test_list2 = ["Gfg", "is", "Best", "for", "CS"]
  
# printing original lists
print("The original list 1 is : " + str(test_list1))
print("The original list 2 is : " + str(test_list2))
  
# sort() used to perform inplace sort
test_list1.sort(key = lambda ele: test_list2.index(list(ele.keys())[0]))
  
# printing result 
print("The custom order list : " + str(test_list1)) 

Output

The original list 1 is : [{‘is’: 4}, {‘for’: 7}, {‘Gfg’: 10}, {‘Best’: 1}, {‘CS’: 8}]
The original list 2 is : [‘Gfg’, ‘is’, ‘Best’, ‘for’, ‘CS’]
The custom order list : [{‘Gfg’: 10}, {‘is’: 4}, {‘Best’: 1}, {‘for’: 7}, {‘CS’: 8}]


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