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Python – Sort dictionary by max/min element in value list

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  • Last Updated : 14 Oct, 2020

Given dictionary, perform sort on basis of maximum or minimum element present in dictionary values list.

Input : test_dict = {“Gfg” : [6, 4], “best” : [8, 4], “for” : [7, 13], “geeks” : [15, 5]}
Output : {‘geeks’: [15, 5], ‘for’: [7, 13], ‘best’: [8, 4], ‘Gfg’: [6, 4]}
Explanation : Max of values is 15, occurs in “geeks” key, hence at 1st position and so on.

Input : test_dict = {“Gfg” : [6, 4], “best” : [8, 4]}
Output : {‘best’: [8, 4], ‘Gfg’: [6, 4]}
Explanation : Max of values is 8, occurs in “best” key, hence at 1st position and so on.

Method #1 : Using sorted() + max() + dictionary comprehension + reverse + lambda

The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform the task of sorting using sorted(), maximum is extracted using max(), reverse is used to get maximum element 1st and lambda function is used to extent max() logic to sorted function.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Sort dictionary by max / min element in value list
# Using sorted() + max() + dictionary comprehension + reverse + lambda
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {"Gfg" : [6, 4], "is" : [10, 3], "best" : [8, 4],
             "for" : [7, 13], "geeks" : [15, 5]}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
  
# lambda function driving maximum operation on sorted()
# dictionary comprehension used to reconstruct dictionary
res = {key: test_dict[key] for key in sorted(test_dict, key = lambda ele: max(test_dict[ele]),
       reverse = True)}
  
# printing result 
print("Reverse Sorted dictionary on basis of max values : " + str(res)) 

Output

The original dictionary is : {'Gfg': [6, 4], 'is': [10, 3], 'best': [8, 4], 'for': [7, 13], 'geeks': [15, 5]}
Reverse Sorted dictionary on basis of max values : {'geeks': [15, 5], 'for': [7, 13], 'is': [10, 3], 'best': [8, 4], 'Gfg': [6, 4]}

Method #2 : Using sorted() + min() + dictionary comprehension + reverse + lambda

This is similar method to above function, the only difference being that we perform sort on basis of highest minimum value in dictionary values.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Sort dictionary by max / min element in value list
# Using sorted() + min() + dictionary comprehension + reverse + lambda
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {"Gfg" : [6, 4], "is" : [10, 3], "best" : [8, 4],
             "for" : [7, 13], "geeks" : [15, 5]}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
  
# lambda function driving minimum operation on sorted()
# dictionary comprehension used to reconstruct dictionary
res = {key: test_dict[key] for key in sorted(test_dict, key = lambda ele: min(test_dict[ele]),
       reverse = True)}
  
# printing result 
print("Reverse Sorted dictionary on basis of min values : " + str(res)) 

Output

The original dictionary is : {'Gfg': [6, 4], 'is': [10, 3], 'best': [8, 4], 'for': [7, 13], 'geeks': [15, 5]}
Reverse Sorted dictionary on basis of min values : {'for': [7, 13], 'geeks': [15, 5], 'Gfg': [6, 4], 'best': [8, 4], 'is': [10, 3]}


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