Python Slicing | Extract ‘k’ bits from a given position

How to extract ‘k’ bits from a given position ‘p’ in a number?

Examples:

Input : number = 171
             k = 5 
             p = 2
Output : The extracted number is 21
171 is represented as 10101011 in binary,
so, you should get only 10101 i.e. 21.

Input : number = 72
            k = 5 
            p = 1
Output : The extracted number is 8
72 is represented as 1001000 in binary,
so, you should get only 01000 i.e 8.



We have existing solution for this problem please refer Extract ‘k’ bits from a given position in a number link. We can solve this problem quickly in python using slicing. Approach is simple,

  1. Convert given number into it’s binary using bin() function and remove first two characters ‘0b’ from it, because bin function appends ‘0b’ as prefix in output binary string.
  2. We need to start extracting k bits from starting position p from right, that means end index of extracted sub-string will be end = (len(binary) – p) and start index will be start = end – k + 1 of original binary string.
  3. Convert extracted sub-string into decimal again.
filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Function to extract ‘k’ bits from a given
# position in a number
  
def extractKBits(num,k,p):
  
     # convert number into binary first
     binary = bin(num)
  
     # remove first two characters
     binary = binary[2:]
  
     end = len(binary) - p
     start = end - k + 1
  
     # extract k  bit sub-string
     kBitSubStr = binary[start : end+1]
  
     # convert extracted sub-string into decimal again
     print (int(kBitSubStr,2))
  
# Driver program
if __name__ == "__main__":
    num = 171
    k = 5
    p = 2
    extractKBits(num,k,p)
  
      

chevron_right


Output:

21


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Experienced Software Engineer with a demonstrated history of working in the information technology and services industry Skilled in Big Data technologies, Data Structures, Algorithm, Software Development, App Development, Databases, Python, Java, C, and WordPress

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.




Article Tags :
Practice Tags :


Be the First to upvote.


Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.