Python | Remove Consecutive tuple according to key

Sometimes, while working with Python list, we can have a problem in which we can have a list of tuples and we wish to remove them basis of first element of tuple to avoid it’s consecutive duplication. Let’s discuss certain way in which this problem can be solved.

Method : Using groupby() + itemgetter() + next()
This task can be performed using combination of these functions. In this, we convert the list to iterator for faster access using next(), itemgetter() is used to get the index of tuple on which we need to perform the deletion(in this case first) and groupby() performs the final grouping of elements.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Remove Consecutive tuple according to key
# using itemgetter() + next() + groupby()
from operator import itemgetter
from itertools import groupby
  
# initialize list
test_list = [(4, 5), (4, 6), (7, 8), (7, 1), (7, 0), (8, 1)]
  
# printing original list
print("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
  
# Remove Consecutive tuple according to key
# using itemgetter() + next() + groupby()
res = [next(group) for key, group in groupby(test_list, key = itemgetter(0))]
  
# printing result
print("List after Consecutive tuple removal : " + str(res))

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Output :

The original list is : [(4, 5), (4, 6), (7, 8), (7, 1), (7, 0), (8, 1)]
List after Consecutive tuple removal : [(4, 5), (7, 8), (8, 1)]


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