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Python | Remove all values from a list present in other list

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  • Last Updated : 27 Sep, 2022
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Sometimes we need to perform the operation of removing all the items from the lists that are present in another list, i.e we are given some of the invalid numbers in one list which need to be get ridden from the original list. Let’s discuss various ways How to remove the elements of a list from another list in Python.

Example

Input:
List one is : [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
List two is : [3, 6]

Output:
The list after performing the remove operation is : [1, 4, 7]

Using list comprehension to remove all values from a list present in other list

The list comprehension can be used to perform the naive method in just one line and hence gives an easy method to perform this particular task.

Python3




# Python 3 code to demonstrate
# to remove elements present in other list
# using list comprehension
 
# initializing list
test_list = [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
 
# initializing remove list
remove_list = [3, 6]
 
# printing original list
print ("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# printing remove list
print ("The original list is : " + str(remove_list))
 
# using list comprehension to perform task
res = [i for i in test_list if i not in remove_list]
 
# printing result
print ("The list after performing remove operation is : " + str(res))

Output : 

The original list is : [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
The original list is : [3, 6]
The list after performing remove operation is : [1, 4, 7]

Using filter() + lambda to remove all values from a list present in other list 

The filter function can be used along with lambda to perform this task and creating a new filtered list of all the elements that are not present in the remove element list.

Python3




# Python 3 code to demonstrate
# to remove elements present in other list
# using filter() + lambda
 
# initializing list
test_list = [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
 
# initializing remove list
remove_list = [3, 6]
 
# printing original list
print ("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# printing remove list
print ("The original list is : " + str(remove_list))
 
# using filter() + lambda to perform task
res = filter(lambda i: i not in remove_list, test_list)
 
# printing result
print ("The list after performing remove operation is : " + str(res))

Output : 

The original list is : [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
The original list is : [3, 6]
The list after performing remove operation is : [1, 4, 7]

Using remove() to remove all values from a list present in other list 

remove() can also perform this task but only if the exception of not getting specific elements is handled properly. One can iterate for all the elements of the removed list and remove those elements from the original list.
 

Python3




# Python 3 code to demonstrate
# to remove elements present in other list
# using remove()
 
# initializing list
test_list = [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
 
# initializing remove list
remove_list = [3, 6]
 
# printing original list
print ("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# printing remove list
print ("The original list is : " + str(remove_list))
 
# using remove() to perform task
# handled exceptions.
for i in remove_list:
    try:
        test_list.remove(i)
    except ValueError:
        pass
 
# printing result
print ("The list after performing remove operation is : " + str(test_list))

Output : 
 

The original list is : [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
The original list is : [3, 6]
The list after performing remove operation is : [1, 4, 7]

Using set() to remove all values from a list present in other list

set() can be used to perform this task and creating a new filtered list of all the elements that are not present in the remove element list.

Python3




# Python 3 code to demonstrate
# to remove elements present in other list
# using set()
 
# initializing list
test_list = [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
 
# initializing remove list
remove_list = [3, 6]
 
# printing original list
print ("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# printing remove list
print ("The original list is : " + str(remove_list))
 
# using set() to perform task
set1 = set(test_list)
set2 = set(remove_list)
res = list(set1 - set2)
 
# printing result
print ("The list after performing remove operation is : " + str(res))

Output : 

The original list is : [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
The original list is : [3, 6]
The list after performing remove operation is : [1, 4, 7]

Using the itertools module to remove all values from a list present in other list

Here we are using the itertools module to remove the elements of a list from another list in Python.

Python3




from itertools import filterfalse
 
test_list = [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
remove_list = [3, 6]
 
# printing original list
print ("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# printing remove list
print ("The original list is : " + str(remove_list))
 
res=list(filterfalse(remove_list.__contains__,
                   test_list))
 
# printing result
print ("The list after performing remove operation is : " + str(res))

Output:

The original list is : [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]
The original list is : [3, 6]
The list after performing remove operation is : [1, 4, 7]
 

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