Given an array **A** containing **n** integers. The task is to check whether the array is **Monotonic** or not. An array is monotonic if it is either **monotone increasing** or **monotone decreasing**.

An array A is monotone increasing if for all i <= j, **A[i] <= A[j]**. An array A is monotone decreasing if for all i <= j, **A[i] >= A[j]**.

Return “**True**” if the given array A is monotonic else return “**False**” (without quotes).

Examples:

Input : 6 5 4 4 Output : true Input : 5 15 20 10 Output : false

**Approach:**

An array is **monotonic** if and only if it is **monotone increasing**, or **monotone decreasing**. Since **p <= q** and **q <= r** implies **p <= r**. So we only need to check adjacent elements to determine if the array is monotone increasing (or decreasing), respectively. We can check each of these properties in one pass.

To check whether an array A is **monotone increasing**, we’ll check **A[i] <= A[i+1]** for all i indexing from 0 to len(A)-2. Similarly we can check for **monotone decreasing** where **A[i] >= A[i+1]** for all i indexing from 0 to len(A)-2.**Note:** Array with **single element** can be considered to be both **monotonic increasing or decreasing**, hence returns “**True**“.

**Below is the implementation of above approach:**

## Python3

`# Python3 program to find sum in Nth group` ` ` `# Check if given array is Monotonic` `def` `isMonotonic(A):` ` ` ` ` `return` `(` `all` `(A[i] <` `=` `A[i ` `+` `1` `] ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(` `len` `(A) ` `-` `1` `)) ` `or` ` ` `all` `(A[i] >` `=` `A[i ` `+` `1` `] ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(` `len` `(A) ` `-` `1` `)))` ` ` `# Driver program` `A ` `=` `[` `6` `, ` `5` `, ` `4` `, ` `4` `]` ` ` `# Print required result` `print` `(isMonotonic(A))` ` ` `# This code is written by` `# Sanjit_Prasad` |

Output:

True

**Time Complexity:** O(N), where N is the length of array.

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