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Python Program For Writing A Function To Get Nth Node In A Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 18 May, 2022

Write a GetNth() function that takes a linked list and an integer index and returns the data value stored in the node at that index position. 

Example: 

Input:  1->10->30->14,  index = 2
Output: 30  
The node at index 2 is 30

Algorithm: 

1. Initialize count = 0
2. Loop through the link list
     a. If count is equal to the passed index then return
        current node
     b. Increment count
     c. change current to point to next of the current.

Implementation: 

Python3




# A complete working Python program to 
# find n'th node in a linked list
  
# Node class
class Node:
    # Function to initialize the node object
    def __init__(self, data):
  
        # Assign data
        self.data = data  
  
        # Initialize next as null
        self.next = None  
  
# Linked List class contains a Node object
class LinkedList:
  
    # Function to initialize head
    def __init__(self):
        self.head = None
  
    # This function is in LinkedList class. 
    # It inserts a new node at the beginning 
    # of Linked List.
    def push(self, new_data):
  
        # 1 & 2: Allocate the Node &
        #        Put in the data
        new_node = Node(new_data)
  
        # 3. Make next of new Node as head
        new_node.next = self.head
  
        # 4. Move the head to point to new Node
        self.head = new_node
  
    # Returns data at given index in linked list
    def getNth(self, index):
  
        # Initialise temp
        current = self.head  
  
        # Index of current node
        count = 0  
  
        # Loop while end of linked list 
        # is not reached
        while (current):
            if (count == index):
                return current.data
            count += 1
            current = current.next
  
        # If we get to this line, the caller was 
        # asking for a non-existent element so 
        # we assert fail
        assert(false)
        return 0
  
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
  
    llist = LinkedList()
  
    # Use push() to construct list
    # 1->12->1->4->1
    llist.push(1)
    llist.push(4)
    llist.push(1)
    llist.push(12)
    llist.push(1)
  
    n = 3
    print("Element at index 3 is :"
           llist.getNth(n))

Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n)

Method 2- With Recursion: 
This method is contributed by MY_DOOM

Algorithm:  

getnth(node,n)
1. Initialize count = 0
2. if count==n
     return node->data
3. else
    return getnth(node->next,n-1)

Implementation: 

Python3




# Python3 program to find n'th node in
# linked list using recursion
  
class Node:
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.data = data
        self.next = None
  
class LinkedList:
    def __init__(self):
        self.head = None
  
    # Given a reference (pointer to pointer) to 
    # the head of a list and an int, push a new 
    # node on the front of the list.
  
    # Make new node and add
    # into LinkedList
    def push(self, new_data):                                
        new_node = Node(new_data)
        new_node.next = self.head
        self.head = new_node
  
    def getNth(self, llist, position):
  
        # Call recursive method
        llist.getNthNode(self.head, 
                         position, llist)
  
    # Recursive method to find Nth Node
    def getNthNode(self, head, position, llist):
  
        # Initialize count
        count = 0  
        if(head):
  
            # If count is equal to position,
            # it means we have found the position
            if count == position:  
                                    
                print(head.data)
            else:
                llist.getNthNode(head.next,
                                 position - 1, llist)
        else:  
            # If head doesn't exist we have
            # traversed the LinkedList
            print('Index Doesn\'t exist')
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    llist = LinkedList()
    llist.push(1)
    llist.push(4)
    llist.push(1)
    llist.push(12)
    llist.push(1)
  
    # llist.getNth(llist,int(input()))
    # Enter the node position here
    # First argument is instance of LinkedList
  
    print("Element at Index 3 is", end = " ")
    llist.getNth(llist, 3)
# This code is contributed by Yogesh Joshi

Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n) 

Please refer complete article on Write a function to get Nth node in a Linked List for more details!
 


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