Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Python program to check if a string is palindrome or not
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 15 Feb, 2021

Given a string, write a python function to check if it is palindrome or not. A string is said to be palindrome if the reverse of the string is the same as string. For example, “radar” is a palindrome, but “radix” is not a palindrome.

Examples: 

Input : malayalam
Output : Yes

Input : geeks
Output : No

Method #1 

  1. Find reverse of string
  2. Check if reverse and original are same or not.

Python




# function which return reverse of a string
 
def isPalindrome(s):
    return s == s[::-1]
 
 
# Driver code
s = "malayalam"
ans = isPalindrome(s)
 
if ans:
    print("Yes")
else:
    print("No")


Output : 

Yes

Iterative Method: This method is contributed by Shariq Raza. Run a loop from starting to length/2 and check the first character to the last character of the string and second to second last one and so on …. If any character mismatches, the string wouldn’t be a palindrome.



Below is the implementation of above approach: 

Python




# function to check string is
# palindrome or not
def isPalindrome(str):
 
    # Run loop from 0 to len/2
    for i in range(0, int(len(str)/2)):
        if str[i] != str[len(str)-i-1]:
            return False
    return True
 
# main function
s = "malayalam"
ans = isPalindrome(s)
 
if (ans):
    print("Yes")
else:
    print("No")


Output: 

Yes

Method using the inbuilt function to reverse a string: This method is contributed by Shariq Raza. In this method, predefined function ‘ ‘.join(reversed(string)) is used to reverse string. 

Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

Python




# function to check string is
# palindrome or not
def isPalindrome(s):
     
    # Using predefined function to
    # reverse to string print(s)
    rev = ''.join(reversed(s))
 
    # Checking if both string are
    # equal or not
    if (s == rev):
        return True
    return False
 
# main function
s = "malayalam"
ans = isPalindrome(s)
 
if (ans):
    print("Yes")
else:
    print("No")


Output: 

Yes

Method using one extra variable: In this method user take a character of string one by one and store in an empty variable. After storing all the character user will compare both the string and check whether it is palindrome or not. 

Python




# Python program to check
# if a string is palindrome
# or not
 
x = "malayalam"
 
w = ""
for i in x:
    w = i + w
 
if (x == w):
    print("Yes")
else:
    print("No")
   


Output: 

Yes

Method using flag: In this method user compare each character from starting and ending in a for loop and if the character does not match then it will change the status of the flag. Then it will check the status of flag and accordingly and print whether it is a palindrome or not.  



Python




# Python program to check
# if a string is palindrome
# or not
st = 'malayalam'
j = -1
flag = 0
for i in st:
    if i != st[j]:
      j = j - 1
      flag = 1
      break
    j = j - 1
if flag == 1:
    print("NO")
else:
    print("Yes")


Output: 

Yes

Method using recursion

This method compares the first and the last element of the string and gives the rest of the substring to a recursive call to itself. 

Python3




# Recursive function to check if a
# string is palindrome
 
def isPalindrome(s):
       
    #to change it the string is similar case
    s = s.lower()
    # length of s
    l = len(s)
     
    # if length is less than 2
    if l < 2:
        return True
 
    # If s[0] and s[l-1] are equal
    elif s[0] == s[l - 1]:
        
        # Call is pallindrome form substring(1,l-1)
        return isPalindrome(s[1: l - 1])
 
    else:
        return False
 
# Driver Code
s = "MalaYaLam"
ans = isPalindrome(s)
 
if ans:
    print("Yes")
 
else:
    print("No")


Output

Yes

This article is contributed by Sahil Rajput. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 

Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :