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Python | Pandas

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Python is a great language for doing data analysis, primarily because of the fantastic ecosystem of data-centric Python packages. Pandas is one of those packages and makes importing and analyzing data much easier.

Pandas is used to compare two series and return Boolean value for every respective element.

Syntax:, level=None, fill_value=None, axis=0)

other: other series to be compared with
level: int or name of level in case of multi level
fill_value: Value to be replaced instead of NaN
axis: 0 or ‘index’ to apply method by rows and 1 or ‘columns’ to apply by columns.

Return type: Boolean series

Note: The results are returned on the basis of comparison caller series < other series.

To download the data set used in following example, click here.

In the following examples, the data frame used contains data of some NBA players. The image of data frame before any operations is attached below.

Example #1:

In this example, the Age column and Weight columns are compared using .lt() method. Since values in weight columns are very large as compared to Age column, hence the values are divided by 10 first. Before comparing, Null rows are removed using .dropna() method to avoid errors.

# importing pandas module 
import pandas as pd 
# making data frame 
# removing null values to avoid errors 
data.dropna(inplace = True
# other series
other = data["Weight"]/10
# calling method and returning to new column
data["Age < Weight"]= data["Age"].lt(other)
# display

As shown in the output image, the new column has True wherever value in Age column is less than Weight/10.

Example #2: Handling NaN values

In this example, two series are created using pd.Series(). The series contains null value too and hence 10 is passed to fill_value parameter to replace null values by 10.

# importing pandas module 
import pandas as pd 
# importing numpy module
import numpy as np
# creating series 1
series1 = pd.Series([11, 21, 2, 43, 9, 27, np.nan, 110, np.nan])
# creating series 2
series2 = pd.Series([16, np.nan, 2, 23, 5, 40, np.nan, 0, 19])
# setting null replacement value
na_replace = 10
# calling and storing result
result =, fill_value = na_replace)
# display

As it can be seen in output, NaN values were replaced by 5 and the comparison is performed after the replacement and new values are used for comparison.

0     True
1    False
2    False
3    False
4    False
5     True
6    False
7    False
8     True
dtype: bool

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Last Updated : 28 Jul, 2020
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