Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Python | Pandas dataframe.asfreq()

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Last Updated : 19 Nov, 2018

Python is a great language for doing data analysis, primarily because of the fantastic ecosystem of data-centric python packages. Pandas is one of those packages and makes importing and analyzing data much easier.

Pandas dataframe.asfreq() function is used to convert TimeSeries to specified frequency. This function Optionally provide filling method to pad/backfill missing values. It Returns the original data conformed to a new index with the specified frequency. resample is more appropriate if an operation, such as summarization, is necessary to represent the data at the new frequency.

Syntax : DataFrame.asfreq(freq, method=None, how=None, normalize=False, fill_value=None)

Parameters :
freq : DateOffset object, or string
method : Method to use for filling holes in reindexed Series
how : For PeriodIndex only, see PeriodIndex.asfreq
normalize : Whether to reset output index to midnight
fill_value : Value to use for missing values, applied during upsampling (note this does not fill NaNs that already were present).

Returns : converted : type of caller

Example #1: Unsample a time series data from weekly frequency to daily frequency




# importing pandas as pd
import pandas as pd
  
# Creating a date_time form index 
index_values = (pd.date_range('1/1/2000',
                   periods=3,freq='W'))
  
# Creating a series using 'index_values'
# Notice, one of the series value is nan value
series = (pd.Series([0.0,None,2.0],
              index=index_values))
  
# Creating dataframe using the series
df=pd.DataFrame({"Col_1":series})
  
# Print the Dataframe
df

Now unsample this weekly sampled data into daily sampled data.By default newly created bins will have nan value. So, use fill_value parameter to fill all newly created bins with a provided value.




# unsampling and providing a fill value = 9.0
df.asfreq(freq ='D', fill_value = 9.0)

Output :

Note : This does not fill NaNs that already were present before sampling.

Example #2: Unsample a one minute timestamped data into 30s bins.First create a series with 5 one minute timestamps.




# importing pandas as pd
import pandas as pd
  
# Creating a date_time form index 
index_values = (pd.date_range('1/1/2000',
                     periods=5,freq='T'))
  
# Creating a series using 'index_values'
# Notice, one of the series value is nan value
series = (pd.Series([0.0,1.0,None,3.0,4.0],
                      index=index_values))
  
# Creating dataframe using the series
df=pd.DataFrame({"Col_1":series})
  
# Print the Dataframe
df

Now Unsampling into 30-second bins and providing a fill_value of 100.0




# unsampling and providing a fill value of 100.0
df.asfreq(freq ='30S', fill_value = 100.0)

Output :

Note : Nan value present before unsampling will not be filled


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!