Python | os.rename() method

OS module in Python provides functions for interacting with the operating system. OS comes under Python’s standard utility modules. This module provides a portable way of using operating system dependent functionality.

os.rename() method in Python is used to rename a file or directory.
This method renames a source file/ directory to specified destination file/directory.

Syntax: os.rename(source, destination, *, src_dir_fd = None, dst_dir_fd = None)

Parameters:
source: A path-like object representing the file system path. This is the source file path which is to renamed.
destination: A path-like object representing the file system path.
src_dir_fd (optional): A file descriptor referring to a directory.
dst_dir_fd (optional): A file descriptor referring to a directory.

Return Type: This method does not return any value.



Code #1: Use of os.rename() method

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python program to explain os.rename() method 
  
# importing os module 
import os
  
  
# Source file path
source = 'GeeksforGeeks/file.txt'
  
# destination file path
dest = 'GeekforGeeks/newfile.txt'
  
  
# Now rename the source path
# to destination path
# using os.rename() method
os.rename(source, dest)
print("Source path renamed to destination path successfully.")

chevron_right


Output:

Source path renamed to destination path successfully.
Code #2: Handling possible errors

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python program to explain os.rename() method 
  
# importing os module 
import os
  
  
# Source file path
source = './GeeksforGeeks/file.txt'
  
# destination file path
dest = './GeeksforGeeks/dir'
  
  
# try renaming the source path
# to destination path
# using os.rename() method
  
try :
    os.rename(source, dest)
    print("Source path renamed to destination path successfully.")
  
# If Source is a file 
# but destination is a directory
except IsADirectoryError:
    print("Source is a file but destination is a directory.")
  
# If source is a directory
# but destination is a file
except NotADirectoryError:
    print("Source is a directory but destination is a file.")
  
# For permission related errors
except PermissionError:
    print("Operation not permitted.")
  
# For other errors
except OSError as error:
    print(error)

chevron_right


Output:

Source is a file but destination is a directory.

Reference: https://docs.python.org/3/library/os.html#os.rename




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Check out this Author's contributed articles.

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.


Article Tags :

Be the First to upvote.


Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.