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Python | os.rename() method

  • Last Updated : 26 Aug, 2019

OS module in Python provides functions for interacting with the operating system. OS comes under Python’s standard utility modules. This module provides a portable way of using operating system dependent functionality.

os.rename() method in Python is used to rename a file or directory.
This method renames a source file/ directory to specified destination file/directory.

Syntax: os.rename(source, destination, *, src_dir_fd = None, dst_dir_fd = None)

Parameters:
source: A path-like object representing the file system path. This is the source file path which is to renamed.
destination: A path-like object representing the file system path.
src_dir_fd (optional): A file descriptor referring to a directory.
dst_dir_fd (optional): A file descriptor referring to a directory.

Return Type: This method does not return any value.



Code #1: Use of os.rename() method




# Python program to explain os.rename() method 
  
# importing os module 
import os
  
  
# Source file path
source = 'GeeksforGeeks/file.txt'
  
# destination file path
dest = 'GeekforGeeks/newfile.txt'
  
  
# Now rename the source path
# to destination path
# using os.rename() method
os.rename(source, dest)
print("Source path renamed to destination path successfully.")
Output:
Source path renamed to destination path successfully.
Code #2: Handling possible errors




# Python program to explain os.rename() method 
  
# importing os module 
import os
  
  
# Source file path
source = './GeeksforGeeks/file.txt'
  
# destination file path
dest = './GeeksforGeeks/dir'
  
  
# try renaming the source path
# to destination path
# using os.rename() method
  
try :
    os.rename(source, dest)
    print("Source path renamed to destination path successfully.")
  
# If Source is a file 
# but destination is a directory
except IsADirectoryError:
    print("Source is a file but destination is a directory.")
  
# If source is a directory
# but destination is a file
except NotADirectoryError:
    print("Source is a directory but destination is a file.")
  
# For permission related errors
except PermissionError:
    print("Operation not permitted.")
  
# For other errors
except OSError as error:
    print(error)
Output:
Source is a file but destination is a directory.

Reference: https://docs.python.org/3/library/os.html#os.rename

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