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oct() function in Python

  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 22 Sep, 2021

Python oct() function is one of the built-in methods, it takes an integer and returns the octal representation in a string format.

Syntax : oct(x)

Parameters :

  • x – Must be an integer number and can be in either binary, decimal or hexadecimal format.

Returns : octal representation of the value.

Errors and Exceptions : 

  • TypeError : Returns TypeError when anything other than integer type constants are passed as parameters.

Example 1: Example of oct() function

Python3




# Python3 program to demonstrate
# the use of oct() function
 
print("The octal representation of 23 is " + oct(23))
 
print("The octal representation of the"
      " ascii value of 'z' is " + oct(ord('z')))
 
# Binary representation of a number
# can be passed as a parameter
 
# For 23, Binary is 0b10111
print("The octal representation of the binary"
      " of 23 is " + oct(0b10111))
 
# For 23, Hexadecimal is 0x17
print("The octal representation of the binary"
      " of 23 is " + oct(0x17))

Output:

The octal representation of 23 is 0o27
The octal representation of the ascii value of 'z' is 0o172
The octal representation of the binary of 23 is 0o27
The octal representation of the binary of 23 is 0o27

Example 2 : Demonstrate TypeError in oct() method

Python3




# Python3 program demonstrating TypeError
 
print("The Octal representation of 29.5 is " + oct(29.5))
 
'''
# Python doesn't have anything like float.oct()
# to directly convert a floating type constant
# to its octal representation. Conversion of a
# floating-point value to it's octal is done manually.
'''

Output : 

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/home/5bf02b72de26687389763e9133669972.py", line 3, in 
    print("The Octal representation of 29.5 is "+oct(29.5))
TypeError: 'float' object cannot be interpreted as an integer

Applications:  oct() is used in all types of standard conversion. For example, Conversion from decimal to octal, binary to octal, hexadecimal to octal forms respectively. 

Example 3: Type conversion from decimal and binary using oct() function

Python3




# TypeConversions from decimal and binary
# to their respective octal representations
 
# The choices present to the user
print("a. Hexadecimal to Octal ")
print("b. Decimal to Octal")
print("c. Binary to Octal")
 
# Function generates octal representation
# from it's binary from
def bin_to_oct():
 
    print("Enter your input in BIN format :-")
 
    # taking user input as binary string and
    # then using int() to convert it into it's
    # respective decimal format
    x = int(input(), 2)
    print("Octal form of " + str(x) + " is " + oct(x))
 
# Function generates octal representation
#  of it's hexadecimal form passed as value.
def hex_to_oct():
    print("Enter your input in HEX format :-")
 
    # taking user input as hexadecimal string and
    # then using int() to convert it into it's
    # respective decimal format
    x = int(input(), 16)
    print("Octal form of " + str(x) + " is " + oct(x))
 
 
# Function converts decimal form to it's
# respective octal representation
def decimal_to_oct():
 
    print("Enter a number with base-10 format :-")
 
    # taking a simple user input and
    # converting it to an integer
    x = int(input())
    print("Octal form of " + str(x) + " is " + oct(x))
 
 
# Driver Code
ch = input("Enter your choice :-\n")
 
if ch is 'a':
    hex_to_oct()
elif ch is 'b':
    decimal_to_oct()
elif ch is 'c':
    bin_to_oct()

Output : 

a. Hexadecimal to Octal 
b. Decimal to Octal
c. Binary to Octal
Enter your choice :-
a
Enter your input in HEX format :-
0x13
Octal form of 19 is 0o23

Example 4: Python oct() for custom objects

Python3




class math:
    num = 76
    def __index__(self):
        return self.num
    def __int__(self):
        return self.num
obj = math()
print(oct(obj))

Output:

0o114


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