# Python – Non-Central F-Distribution in Statistics

• Last Updated : 10 Jan, 2020

scipy.stats.ncf() is a non-central F distribution continuous random variable. It is inherited from the of generic methods as an instance of the rv_continuous class. It completes the methods with details specific for this particular distribution.

Parameters :

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q : lower and upper tail probability
x : quantiles
loc : [optional]location parameter. Default = 0
scale : [optional]scale parameter. Default = 1
size : [tuple of ints, optional] shape or random variates.
moments : [optional] composed of letters [‘mvsk’]; ‘m’ = mean, ‘v’ = variance, ‘s’ = Fisher’s skew and ‘k’ = Fisher’s kurtosis. (default = ‘mv’).

Results : non-central F distribution continuous random variable

Code #1 : Creating non-central F distribution continuous random variable

 `# importing library`` ` `from` `scipy.stats ``import` `ncf  ``   ` `numargs ``=` `ncf.numargs ``a, b ``=` `4.32``, ``3.18``rv ``=` `ncf(a, b) ``   ` `print` `(``"RV : \n"``, rv)  `

Output :

```RV :
scipy.stats._distn_infrastructure.rv_frozen object at 0x000002A9D7FA4AC8
```

Code #2 : non-central F distribution continuous variates and probability distribution

 `import` `numpy as np ``quantile ``=` `np.arange (``0.01``, ``1``, ``0.1``) `` ` `# Random Variates ``R ``=` `ncf.rvs(a, b) ``print` `(``"Random Variates : \n"``, R) `` ` `# PDF ``R ``=` `ncf.pdf(a, b, quantile) ``print` `(``"\nProbability Distribution : \n"``, R) `

Output :

```Random Variates :
4.491293530275984

Probability Distribution :
[0.03182343 0.03305119 0.03427159 0.03548422 0.03668876 0.0378848
0.03907367 0.04025304 0.04142343 0.04258456]

```

Code #3 : Graphical Representation.

 `import` `numpy as np ``import` `matplotlib.pyplot as plt ``    ` `distribution ``=` `np.linspace(``0``, np.minimum(rv.dist.b, ``3``)) ``print``(``"Distribution : \n"``, distribution) ``    ` `plot ``=` `plt.plot(distribution, rv.pdf(distribution)) `

Output :

```Distribution :
[0.         0.04081633 0.08163265 0.12244898 0.16326531 0.20408163
0.24489796 0.28571429 0.32653061 0.36734694 0.40816327 0.44897959
0.48979592 0.53061224 0.57142857 0.6122449  0.65306122 0.69387755
0.73469388 0.7755102  0.81632653 0.85714286 0.89795918 0.93877551
0.97959184 1.02040816 1.06122449 1.10204082 1.14285714 1.18367347
1.2244898  1.26530612 1.30612245 1.34693878 1.3877551  1.42857143
1.46938776 1.51020408 1.55102041 1.59183673 1.63265306 1.67346939
1.71428571 1.75510204 1.79591837 1.83673469 1.87755102 1.91836735
1.95918367 2.        ]
```

Code #4 : Varying Positional Arguments

 `import` `matplotlib.pyplot as plt ``import` `numpy as np ``    ` `x ``=` `np.linspace(``0``, ``5``, ``100``) ``    ` `# Varying positional arguments ``y1 ``=` `ncf .pdf(x, ``1``, ``3``) ``y2 ``=` `ncf .pdf(x, ``1``, ``4``) ``plt.plot(x, y1, ``"*"``, x, y2, ``"r--"``) `

Output :

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