Python – Nested dictionary Combinations

Sometimes, while working with Python dictionaries, we can have a problem in which we need to construct all the combination of dictionary keys with different values. This problem can have application in domains such as gaming and day-day programming. Lets discuss certain way in which we can perform this task.

Input : test_dict = {‘gfg’: {‘is’ : [6], ‘for’ : [10], ‘best’: [4]}}
Output : {‘gfg0’: {‘for’: 10, ‘best’: 4, ‘is’: 6}}

Input : test_dict = {‘gfg’: {‘best’ : [10]}}
Output : {‘gfg0’: {‘best’: 10}}

Method : Using product() + dictionary comprehension + zip()
The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we extract all possible combinations using product, zip() performs the task of pairing keys to values filtered and dictionary comprehension is used to store all the constructed dictionaries.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Nested dictionary Combinations
# Using product() + dictionary comprehension + zip()
from itertools import product
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {'gfg': {'is' : [6, 7, 8], 'best': [1, 9, 4]}}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary : " + str(test_dict))
  
# Nested dictionary Combinations
# Using product() + dictionary comprehension + zip()
res = { key + str(j) : dict(zip(val.keys(), k))
        for key, val in test_dict.items()
        for j, k in enumerate(product(*val.values()))}
  
# printing result 
print("The possible combinations : " + str(res)) 

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Output :

The original dictionary : {‘gfg’: {‘is’: [6, 7, 8], ‘best’: [1, 9, 4]}}
The possible combinations : {‘gfg5’: {‘is’: 7, ‘best’: 4}, ‘gfg3’: {‘is’: 7, ‘best’: 1}, ‘gfg8’: {‘is’: 8, ‘best’: 4}, ‘gfg2’: {‘is’: 6, ‘best’: 4}, ‘gfg6’: {‘is’: 8, ‘best’: 1}, ‘gfg0’: {‘is’: 6, ‘best’: 1}, ‘gfg1’: {‘is’: 6, ‘best’: 9}, ‘gfg7’: {‘is’: 8, ‘best’: 9}, ‘gfg4’: {‘is’: 7, ‘best’: 9}}

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