# Python | Minimum Sum of Consecutive Characters

• Last Updated : 13 Mar, 2023

Sometimes, we might have a problem in which we require to get the minimum sum of 2 numbers from list but with a constraint of having the numbers in successions. This type of problem can occur while competitive programming. Letâ€™s discuss certain ways in which this problem can be solved.

Method #1 : Using min() + zip() + list comprehension This problem can be solved using the combination of above three function in which min function can be used to get the minimum value, zip and list comprehension doing the task of extending the logic to the whole list.

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Minimum Sum of Consecutive Characters``# using zip() + min() + list comprehension` `# initializing string``test_string ``=` `'6543452345456987653234'` `# printing original string``print``(``"The original string : "` `+` `str``(test_string))` `# using zip() + min() + list comprehension``# Minimum Sum of Consecutive Characters``test_string ``=` `list``(test_string)``res ``=` `min``(``int``(a) ``+` `int``(b) ``for` `a, b ``in` `zip``(test_string, test_string[``1``:]))` `# print result``print``(``"The minimum consecutive sum is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output :

```The original string : 6543452345456987653234
The minimum consecutive sum is : 5```

Method #2 : Using min() + map() + operator.add The above problem can also be solved using yet another combination of functions. In this combination, map functions performs the task of extending the logic to whole list and add operator is used to perform the multiplication.

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Minimum Sum of Consecutive Characters``# using min() + map() + operator.add``from` `operator ``import` `add` `# initializing string``test_string ``=` `'6543452345456987653234'` `# printing original string``print``(``"The original string : "` `+` `str``(test_string))` `# using min() + map() + operator.add``# Minimum Sum of Consecutive Characters``res ``=` `min``(``map``(add, ``map``(``int``, test_string), ``map``(``int``, test_string[``1``:])))` `# print result``print``(``"The minimum consecutive sum is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output :

```The original string : 6543452345456987653234
The minimum consecutive sum is : 5```

Time Complexity: O(nlogn)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method 3: Using a for loop

• Initialize a variable min_sum to a large value, for example, float(‘inf’).
• Convert the input string into a list of integers using a list comprehension and store it in a variable num_list.
• Iterate over the list num_list from the second element to the end using a for loop.
• Calculate the sum of the current element and the previous element using the index of the for loop.
• If the sum is less than min_sum, update min_sum to the sum.
• After the loop finishes, print the value of min_sum.

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Minimum Sum of Consecutive Characters` `# initializing string``test_string ``=` `'6543452345456987653234'` `# printing original string``print``(``"The original string : "` `+` `str``(test_string))` `# using for loop to find the minimum consecutive sum``min_sum ``=` `float``(``'inf'``)``num_list ``=` `[``int``(x) ``for` `x ``in` `test_string]``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, ``len``(num_list)):``    ``curr_sum ``=` `num_list[i``-``1``] ``+` `num_list[i]``    ``if` `curr_sum < min_sum:``        ``min_sum ``=` `curr_sum` `# print result``print``(``"The minimum consecutive sum is : "` `+` `str``(min_sum))`

Output

```The original string : 6543452345456987653234
The minimum consecutive sum is : 5```

Time complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the input string.
Auxiliary space: O(n), as we create a list of integers with the same length as the input string.

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