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Python | Maximum and minimum element’s position in a list

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  • Last Updated : 14 Sep, 2022
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Given a list of N integers, find the maximum and minimum element’s position in the Python list

Example:

Input :  3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 5
Output :  The maximum is at position 6
          The minimum is at position 3

Method 1: Using a native approach

The naive approach will be to traverse in the list and keep track of the minimum and maximum along with their indices. We have to do N comparisons for minimum and at the same time N comparisons for maximum. Below is the implementation of the naive approach. 

Python3




gfg_list = [8, 1, 7, 10, 5]
 
# min and max indexes are taken 1st element
# In some cases list might be a single element
min_ele, max_ele = gfg_list[0], gfg_list[0]
 
for i in range(1, len(gfg_list)):
   
    if gfg_list[i] < min_ele:
        min_ele = gfg_list[i]
         
    if gfg_list[i] > max_ele:
        max_ele = gfg_list[i]
         
print('Minimum Element in the list', gfg_list, 'is', min_ele)
 
print('Maximum Element in the list', gfg_list, 'is', max_ele)

Output:

Minimum Element in the list [8, 1, 7, 10, 5] is 1
Maximum Element in the list [8, 1, 7, 10, 5] is 10

Method 2: Using the inbuild function

Python’s inbuilt function allows us to find it in one line, we can find the minimum in the list using the min() function and then use the index() function to find out the index of that minimum element. Similarly we can do the same for finding out the maximum element using the max() function and then find out the index of the maximum element using the index() inbuilt function in python. 

Note: index() returns the index of the first occurrence in case there are multiple occurrences of an element. So if maximum (or minimum) occurs more than once, the first occurrence is returned. Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

Python3




# function to find minimum and maximum position in list
def minimum(a, n):
 
    # inbuilt function to find the position of minimum
    minpos = a.index(min(a))
 
    # inbuilt function to find the position of maximum
    maxpos = a.index(max(a))
 
    # printing the position
    print "The maximum is at position", maxpos + 1
    print "The minimum is at position", minpos + 1
 
 
# driver code
a = [3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 5]
minimum(a, len(a))

Output:

The maximum is at position 6
The minimum is at position 3

Method 3: Using Pandas

In this method, we will use the idxmin() and idxmax() to print the max index and min index using the Pandas module.

Python3




import pandas as pd
 
a = [35, 41, 49, 37, 31,
     55, 23, 31, 18, 50,
     32, 37, 28, 27, 24, 35]
 
print("Min: ", pd.Series(a).idxmin())
print("Max: ", pd.Series(a).idxmax())

Output:

Min:  8
Max:  5

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